Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Pen Box with a Europeanizing Landscape

Hajji Muhammad
Object Name:
Pen box
late 17th–early 18th century
Made in Iran
Papier-maché; painted and lacquered
LengtH. 11 in. (27.9 cm)
WidtH. 2 1/4in. (5.7cm)
Credit Line:
Purchase, Elizabeth S. Ettinghausen Gift, in memory of Richard Ettinghausen, 2000
Accession Number:
2000.491a, b
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 462
This pen box is signed by the later Safavid artist Haji Muhammad. The Europeanized landscape depicted on the inside cover of this box is associated with the style of this artist and other members of his family, most famously his celebrated brother Muhammad Zaman. The high status accorded to the arts of calligraphy and writing in the Islamic world led to the production of many handsome accessories such as this pen box.
Signature: Haji Muhammad
[ Massoud Nader, New York, until 2000; sold to MMA]
New York. Leubsdorf Gallery at Hunter College. "Re-Orientations: Islamic Art and the West in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries," February 7, 2008–April 26, 2008, no catalogue.

Bates, Ülkü. Re-Orientations: Islamic Art and the West in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. New York, 2008. no. 15, pp. 62–63, ill.

Related Objects

Pen Box (Qalamdan) Depicting Shah Isma'il in a Battle against the Uzbeks

Artist: Date: early 19th century
Accession Number: 2006.523a, b
Date: early 19th century Medium: Papier-maché; painted and lacquered Accession: 2006.523a, b On view in:Gallery 462

Pen Box with Architectural Cartouches

Artist: 'Ali Ashraf Date: dated A.H. 1156/ A.D. 1743 Medium: Papier-mâché; painted, sprinkled with mica, and lacquered Accession: 2008.246a, b On view in:Gallery 462

Lacquer Pen Box with Royal Audience Scenes

Artist: Date: ca. 1870–90
Accession Number: 2014.258
Date: ca. 1870–90 Medium: Papier-mache; painted and lacquered Accession: 2014.258 On view in:Gallery 462

Dish with Two Intertwined Dragons

Artist: Date: ca. 1640
Accession Number: 65.109.2
Date: ca. 1640 Medium: Stonepaste; painted in blue under transparent glaze Accession: 65.109.2 On view in:Gallery 462

Garden Gathering

Artist: Date: 1640–50
Accession Number: 03.9c
Date: 1640–50 Medium: Stonepaste; painted and polychrome glazed (cuerda seca technique) Accession: 03.9c On view in:Gallery 462