Bust of Pseudo-Seneca, Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish, Siegen 1577–1640 Antwerp)  , and Assistant (?), Pen and brown ink over black chalk heightened with white, with brush and gray ink

Bust of Pseudo-Seneca

Artist:
Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish, Siegen 1577–1640 Antwerp) , and Assistant (?)
Date:
1600–1626
Medium:
Pen and brown ink over black chalk heightened with white, with brush and gray ink
Dimensions:
10 7/16 x 6 15/16 in. (26.5 x 17.7 cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
Robert Lehman Collection, 1975
Accession Number:
1975.1.843
Not on view
Rubens was deeply engaged with classical antiquity and the Italian Renaissance - subjects with which he acquired close familiarity during a stay in Italy from 1600 to 1608. The Flemish master produced numerous drawn copies after Renaissance and antique works. In his treatise, De Imitatione Statuarum (On the Imitation of Statues) Rubens argues for a profound knowledge and selective imitation of ancient sculpture. He also amassed an important collection of antique portrait busts. Among these is a celebrated Roman portrait then believed to represent the Stoic philosopher Seneca, which appears in a number of his paintings, prints, and drawings. This sheet, drawn after the Seneca bust, was preparatory for a series of engravings depicting portraits of twelve famous ancient Greeks and Romans, completed in 1638. It has been suggested that the black sketch is by Rubens’ hand, while the pen drawing was subsequently added by an assistant.
Pierre Crozat, Paris; L. D. Lempereur, Paris (Lugt 1740 on the recto); Lempereur sale, Joullain/Boilleau, Paris, May 24–June 24, 1773, lot 305 (with "Nero" and two other drawings, to basan); Henri Duval, Liège; Duval sale, Frederik Muller, Amsterdam, June 22–23 1910, lot 336 (with lot 335 ["Nero"]; [Richard Ederheimer, New York].