Luca Signorelli (Luca d'Egidio di Luca di Ventura) (Italian, Cortona, active by 1470–died 1523 Cortona)
Black chalk, pen and brown ink, heightened with white.
11 3/4 x 9 5/8 in. (29.9 x 24.4 cm)
Robert Lehman Collection, 1975
Not on view
This sheet is a significant example of the scientific study of perspective in the fifteenth century. It represents an exercise in foreshortening the human head, through which the profile could be used to construct alternative views. The horizontal lines – incised with a stylus - and the letters annotated around the ear served as coordinate points to produce such a transformation, while the pricked outlines aided in the replication of the profile. This diagram closely follows the method of foreshortening described in a treatise on perspective written by Signorelli’s master, Piero della Francesca.
Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings
Inscription: Inscribed in pen and brown ink around the ear: p o v x j (upside down)
[Richard Erdheimer, New York]. Acquired by Robert Lehman in 1932 (?).
Carmen C. Bambach. Drawing and Painting in the Italian Renaissance Workshop: Theory and Practice, 1300–1600. Cambridge, 1999, pp. 231, 233-235, nos. 207-208.
Artist:Taddeo Zuccaro (Italian, Sant'Angelo in Vado 1529–1566 Rome) Date:ca. 1557–58Medium:Pen and brown and gray ink, brown wash, over black chalk, heightened with white, on buff paper.Accession:1975.1.553On view in:Not on view
Artist:Fra Bartolomeo (Bartolomeo di Paolo del Fattorino) (Italian, Florence 1473–1517 Florence) Date:ca. 1501Medium:Pen and brown ink, traces of black chalk; mounted on an album pageAccession:1975.1.270On view in:Not on view
Artist:Circle of Rogier van der Weyden, possibly Vranke van der Stockt (Netherlandish, ca. 1420–1495) Date:1444–50Medium:Pen and brown ink over traces of black chalk.Accession:1975.1.848On view in:Not on view