This panel and another in the Lehman Collection portraying the Madonna and Child (1975.1.1) formed a diptych (two panels hinged together so they could open and close) and would have been used for private devotion. The radiant beauty of the Virgin’s court, enhanced by the ornamental detail, contrasts with the tragic drama of the Crucifixion, thus offering the worshipper two very different images on which to meditate. These panels reveal Segna di Buonaventura’s appropriation of the language and motifs of his master, Duccio. The greatest Sienese painter of the fourteenth century, Duccio’s emotionally expressive figures, complex spatial structures, and subtle use of color had a formative influence on generations of artists. The Madonna and Child enthroned is sometimes thought to reflect Duccio's lost altarpiece of 1302 for the Palazzo Pubblico of Siena, while parts of the "Crucifixion" echo the center panel of a portable triptych in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts that was designed by Duccio and painted by the master with workshop assistance. While neither panel of the diptych is in any way a copy, both attest to the enormous popularity of Duccio's work.
Cardinal Franchi, Rome; Commandante Rossi, Rome; Pol. Popiel, Warsaw (not Lvov as stated by R. Lehman, pl. 15), by whom presented to the cathedral in Warsaw; Count Horodetzki, Paris; F. Kleinberger Galleries, New York. Acquired by Philip Lehman in 1923.
Giacomo De Nicola. "Duccio di Buoninsegna and His School in the Mostra di Duccio at Siena." The Burlington Magazine, 22 (1912), p. 147.
Robert Lehman. The Philip Lehman Collection, New York: Paintings. Paris, 1928, Pl. 15.
Lionello Venturi. Pitture italiane in America. Milan, 1931, Pl. 20.
Bernhard Berenson. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Oxford, 1932, p. 295.
Raimond van Marle. Le scuole della pittura italiana. Vol. 2, Milan, 1934, p. 106.
Bernard Berenson. Pitture italiane del Rinascimento: catalogo dei principali artisti e delle loro opere con un indice dei luoghi. Valori plastici, Milan, 1936, p. 253.
George Henry McCall. Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture from 1300–1800: Masterpieces of Art. Ed. William R. Valentiner. Exh. cat., World's Fair. New York, 1939, p. 42, no. 86a.
Alfred M. Frankfurter. "Introduction to the Exhibition." Masterpieces of Art: Exhibition at the New York World’s Fair, 1939; Official Souvenir Guide and Picture Book. Exh. cat., New York, 1939, pp. 7-8. Fig. 1.
Esther Rezek Mendelsohn New York University. The Maestro di Monte Oliveto. 1950.
Cesare Brandi. Duccio. Florence, 1951, p. 152.
Paintings and Bronzes from the Collection of Mr. Robert Lehman. Exh. cat., Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center. Colorado Springs, 1951, Pl. 2.
Theodore Allen Heinrich. "The Lehman Collection." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 8 (1954), pp. 217, 219.
Gertrude Coor-Achenbach. "A New Attribution to the Monte Oliveto Master and some Observations concerning the Chronology of his Works." Burlington Magazine, 97 (July 1955), pp. 203-207.
Charles Sterling, ed. Exposition de la collection Lehman de New York. Exh. cat., Musée de l'Orangerie. Paris, 1957, no. 17.
The Lehman Collection. Exh. cat., Cincinnati, 1959, no. 1.
Luisa Vertova. "A New Work by the Monteoliveto Master." Burlington Magazine, 112 (October 1970), pp. 688-691.
Kenneth Clark. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1970, no. 178b.
James H. Stubblebine. "Duccio's 'Maestà' of 1302 for the Chapel of the Nove." Art Quarterly, 35, no. 3 (1972), pp. 239-268.
George Szabó. The Robert Lehman Collection: A Guide. New York, 1975, p. 12, Pl. 1.
James H. Stubblebine. Duccio di Buoninsegna and His School. Princeton, 1979, p. 96, fig. 217.
Katharine Baetjer. European Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art by Artists Born before 1865: A Summary Catalogue. Vol. 1, New York, 1980, p. 49.
Katharine Baetjer. European Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art by Artists Born before 1865: A Summary Catalogue. Vol. 2, New York, 1980, p. 47.
Bruce Cole. Sienese Painting From its Origins to the Fifteenth Century. 1980, pp. 61-62.
Keith Christiansen. "Fourteenth-Century Italian Altarpieces." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 40 (Summer 1982), pp. 3-13. Fig. 10.
George Szabo. Masterpieces of Italian Drawing in the Robert Lehman Collection. New York, 1983, p. 6.
John Pope-Hennessy assisted by Laurence B. Kanter inThe Robert Lehman Collection. Vol. 1, Italian Paintings. New York, 1987, pp. 4-5, no. 2.
Virginia Jackson. Art Museums of the World: Norway-Zaire. Vol. 2, Westport, CT, 1987, p. 1274.
Ada Labriola inThe Alana Collection. Ed. Miklós Boskovits. Vol. 1, Italian Paintings from the 13th to 15th Century. Florence, 2009, pp. 104-109.
"Segna di Buonaventura: Diptych with Crucifixion and Madonna and Child Enthroned (1975.1.1)." Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York, 2009.