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Art/ Collection/ Art Object

清乾隆 景德鎮窯百鹿瓶
Vase with "One Hundred Deer" Motif

Period:
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
Date:
18th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Porcelain painted in overglaze enamels (Jingdezhen ware)
Dimensions:
H. 18 in. (45.7 cm); W. 14 in. (35.6 cm); Diam. of rim: 6 1/2 in. (16.5 cm); Diam. of foot: 9 1/2 in. (24.1 cm)
Classification:
Ceramics
Credit Line:
Mr. and Mrs. Isaac D. Fletcher Collection, Bequest of Isaac D. Fletcher, 1917
Accession Number:
17.120.195
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 210
Deer were considered supernatural creatures in premodern China, and they appear frequently in scenes of immortals and magical lands. Here, one hundred deer cavort in a landscape of towering pines. This imposing vase carries a second layer of meaning due to wordplay: the term for “one hundred deer,” bai lu (百鹿), is a homonym for bailu (百祿), the economic, cultural, and social benefits that could accrue during the course of an official career. The motif can thus be read as a wish to attain a position in government.
Marking: None
Mr. and Mrs. Isaac D. Fletcher , New York (until his d. 1917), bequeathed to MMA
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Extravagant Display: Chinese Art in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries," December 14, 2010–May 1, 2011.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Streams and Mountains without End: Landscape Traditions of China," August 26, 2017–January 6, 2019.

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