Virgin and Child, Copper: formed, repoussé, engraved, chased, scraped, and gilt; hands cast; champlevé enamel: dark, medium, and light blue; turquoise, green, yellow, red, and white; glass cabochons; wood core, French

Virgin and Child

Date:
ca. 1200
Geography:
Made in Limoges, France
Culture:
French
Medium:
Copper: formed, repoussé, engraved, chased, scraped, and gilt; hands cast; champlevé enamel: dark, medium, and light blue; turquoise, green, yellow, red, and white; glass cabochons; wood core
Dimensions:
Overall: 14 3/16 x 4 13/16 x 4 5/8 in. (36 x 12.3 x 11.7 cm)
Classification:
Enamels-Champlevé
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.125a, b
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 304
The enameled book and the engraving of the Virgin’s crown and slippers and of the Child’s hair are characteristic of Limoges work. Enamels of the type for which Limoges was famous are often preserved in Spain, and, indeed, this work belonged to a Spanish collector in the late nineteenth century. In Spain, neither political revolution nor religious reformation provoked the mass destruction of church property that France experienced.
Marqués de Castrillo, Madrid (in 1892); J. Pierpont Morgan (American), London and New York
Paris. Musée du Louvre. "L'Oeuvre de Limoges," October 23, 1995–January 22, 1996.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Enamels of Limoges, 1100-1350," January 22, 1996–June 16, 1996.

Hildburgh, Walter L. Dr. "Medieval Copper Champlevé Enamelled Images of the Virgin and Child." Archaeologia 96 (1955). pp. 139, 144-5, pls. LVIIa-c.

Wixom, William D. Treasures from Medieval France. Cleveland: Cleveland Museum of Art, 1967. p. 162.

Gauthier, Marie-Madeleine. "Les 'Majestés de la Vierge,' limousines et méridionales au 13e siècle au Metropolitan Museum of Art de New York." Bulletin de la Société nationale des Antiquaires de France (1968). pp. 72-81, pl. II.

Hoffmann, Konrad, ed. The Year 1200: A Centennial Exhibition at The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 1. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1970. no. 132, p. 128.

Little, Charles T., ed. The Art of Medieval Spain, A.D. 500–1200. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1993. no. 138, pp. 283-284.

Taburet-Delahaye, Elisabeth, and Barbara Drake Boehm, ed. L'Oeuvre de Limoges: Emaux limousins du Moyen Age. Paris: Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 1995. no. 52, pp. 190-192.

Boehm, Barbara Drake, and Elisabeth Taburet-Delahaye, ed. Enamels of Limoges, 1100-1350. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1996. no. 52, pp. 190–92.

Luaces, Joaquín Yarza, ed. De Limoges a Silos. Madrid: Sociedad Estatal para la Acción Cultural Exterior, 2001. no. 62, pp. 206, 207, 209, 212-214.

Franco Mata, Ángela. "Arte 1200: iconografía y función de los 'Ornamenta ecclesiae' hispánicos." In Actes du Colloque: Autour de Hugo d'Oignies, edited by Robert Didier, and Jacques Toussaint. Namur: Société Archéologique de Namur, 2004. p. 265.