Polyptych with Scenes from Christ's Passion, Ivory, paint, and gilding  with metal mounts, French or German

Polyptych with Scenes from Christ's Passion

Date:
ca. 1350
Geography:
Made in Rhineland, France or Germany
Culture:
French or German
Medium:
Ivory, paint, and gilding with metal mounts
Dimensions:
Overall (open): 9 7/16 x 12 11/16 x 3/8 in. (23.9 x 32.2 x 1 cm)
Overall (closed): 9 7/16 x 3 1/8 x 1 5/8 in. (23.9 x 8 x 4.2 cm)
Classification:
Ivories
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.205
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 306
Some private devotional objects were intended to encourage meditation on the events of the Passion in great detail, cultivating a feeling of personal presence. Narrative carvings may have aided in such intense visualization. This particular choice of scenes is striking in its attention to Pontius Pilate, its depiction of both the raising of the cross and Jesus nailed to the cross, and its inclusion of the rare episode of the stripping and buffeting of Christ.
#3140. Polyptych with Scenes from Christ's Passion
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Baron Albert Oppenheim, Cologne(sold 1906); J. Pierpont Morgan (American), London and New York (1906–1917)
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Kunz, George F. Ivory and the Elephant in Art, in Archaeology, and in Science. New York: Doubleday & Company, 1916. p. 50.

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Randall Jr., Richard H. Masterpieces of Ivory from the Walters Art Gallery. Walters Art Gallery, 1985. p. 216.

Smith, Susan L. "The Bride Stripped Bare: A Rare Type of the Disrobing of Christ." Gesta 34, no. 2 (1995). pp. 131–32, fig. 7.

Barnet, Peter, ed. Images In Ivory: Precious Objects of the Gothic Age. Detroit: Detroit Institute of Arts, 1997. p. 208.

Little, Charles T. "Gothic Ivory Carving in Germany." In Images In Ivory: Precious Objects of the Gothic Age, edited by Peter Barnet. Detroit: Detroit Institute of Arts, 1997. pp. 88–89, fig. VI-13.

Petzel, Klara Katharina. Elfenbein-Diptychon mit Passions- und Erscheinungsszenen. Kolumba, Vol. 27. Cologne: Kolumba, 2007. p. 10, fig. 3.

Guerin, Sarah Margaret. "'Tears of Compunction': French Gothic Ivories in Devotional Practice." PhD diss., University of Toronto, 2009. p. 291 n. 30, fig. 6–4.

Williamson, Paul, and Glyn Davies. Medieval Ivory Carvings, 1200–1550. Vol. 1. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 2014. p. 261.