Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Diptych with the Nativity and the Mass of Saint Gregory

Date:
early 16th century
Culture:
Netherlandish
Medium:
Boxwood
Dimensions:
Open: 3 1/4 × 3 1/2 × 9/16 in. (8.3 × 8.9 × 1.5 cm) Closed: 3 1/4 × 1 3/4 × 1 1/4 in. (8.3 × 4.5 × 3.2 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture-Miniature-Wood
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.476
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 306
Inscription: On left panel at bottom: ih[esv]s x[ri]s[tvs] fili[vs] d[ei] nascit[vr] beth[lehem] ivde[a]
(Jesus Christ, son of God, is born in Bethlehem in Juda [from refrain in Sermon of St. Bernard of Clairvaux (Advent and Christmas), “On the joy his birth should inspire”]).
On left panel at left: avgvs[tinvs] ecce inqvit maria ego te filiv[m] generavi
On left panel at top: [sed] v[ir]ginitate mea[m] non violavi
(Thus says Mary: I bore you, my son, but I did not compromise my virginity [from Augustine, Sermon on the Annunciation III, Sermon CXCV]).
On left panel at right: regnv[m] tenvi v[ir]ginitat[is] et regem genvi [casti]tatis hec ille
(I maintained a kingdom of virginity and I gave birth to king of chastity. Behold these things).
On right panel at bottom: atte[n]dite et videte si e[st] dol[or] sic[ut] dol[or] me[u]s
(Attend, and see if there be any sorrow like to my sorrow [Lamentations 1:12]).
On right panel at left: bernardus si vvlnera Christi ad memoria[m] revocetvr tvnc ni[hi]l est
On right panel at top: q[vi]d non [a]equo [ani]mo tole[retur]
(For do but call to mind the wounds of Christ, and there is nought on earth too hard to endure).
On right panel at right: Greg[orivs] me[m]oria crvcifixi vicia crvcifigit b[eatvs] gregorivs
(Gregory: The memory of the crucified crucifies vices. Holy Gregory).
Queen Christina of Spain ; M. Charles Mannheim, Paris; J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York (until 1917)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "A New Look at a Van Eyck Masterpiece," January 25–April 24, 2016.

Reusens, Edmond Henri Joseph, ed. Exposition Rétrospective d'Art Industriel, Bruxelles 1888: Catalogue Officiel. Brussels: P. Weissenbruch, 1888. no. 1532, p. 265.

Molinier, Émile. Collection Charles Mannheim: Objets d'Art. Paris: s.n., 1898. no. 24, p. 13, ill. unnumbered plate.

Williamson, George Charles. Catalogue of the Collections of Jewels and Precious Works of Art: The Property of J. Pierpont Morgan. Deluxe ed. London: Chiswick Press, 1910. no. 46, pp. 60, 69–70, pl. XXVII, color pl. 20.

Romanelli, Susan J. "South Netherlandish Boxwood Devotional Sculpture 1475–1530." PhD diss., Columbia University, 1992. no. 64, pp. 348–50, fig. 99.

Boehm, Barbara Drake, and Alexandra Suda. "Devotion." In Small Wonders: Gothic Boxwood Miniatures, edited by Lisa Ellis, and Alexandra Suda. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 2016. p. 98.

Dandridge, Pete, and Lisa Ellis. "Workshop Practices." In Small Wonders: Late-Gothic Boxwood Micro-Carvings from the Low Countries, edited by Frits Scholten. Amsterdam: Rijksmuseum, 2016. p. 521.

Dandridge, Pete, and Lisa Ellis. "Making." In Small Wonders: Gothic Boxwood Miniatures, edited by Lisa Ellis, and Alexandra Suda. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 2016. pp. 56–57, 65.

Scholten, Frits, ed. Small Wonders: Late-Gothic Boxwood Micro-Carvings from the Low Countries. Amsterdam: Rijksmuseum, 2016. no. 46, pp. 320–23, 624.

Boehm, Barbara Drake, and Alexandra Suda. "Handpicked: Collecting Boxwood Carvings from the Sixteenth to the Twenty-First Centuries." In Small Wonders: Late-Gothic Boxwood Micro-Carvings from the Low Countries, edited by Frits Scholten. Amsterdam: Rijksmuseum, 2016. pp. 380–81, fig. 165.



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