Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Chain with Birds and Trees of Life

Date:
1000–1200
Geography:
Made in Kiev (probably)
Culture:
Kievan Rus'
Medium:
Cloisonné enamel, gold
Dimensions:
Overall: 12 7/16 x 13/16 x 1/8 in. (31.6 x 2.1 x 0.3 cm)
Overall: 9 11/16 x 13/16 x 1/8 in. (24.6 x 2.1 x 0.3 cm)
Classification:
Enamels-Cloisonné
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.706
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 300
Chains, called riazni, were created from small cloisonné enamel medallions. The chains may have joined layers of dress, been worn as necklaces or bracelets, or used to suspend circular or crescent-shaped pendants known as temple pendants or kolti. Rus' women wore temple pendants in pairs, suspended beside the face, at the temple, as part of their elaborate headdress.
Alex W. von Zvenigorodskii ; [ Durlacher Brothers, London (sold 1907)]; J. Pierpont Morgan (American), London and New York (1907–1913)
Dalton, O. M. "Byzantine Enamels in Mr. Pierpont Morgan's Collection." The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 21, no. 110 (May 1912). pp. 66, 69, pl. IV.

Zaloziecky, Wladimir. "Das byzantinische Kunstgewerbe in der mittelalterlichen und spätmittelalterlichen Periode." In Geschichte des Kunstgewerbes aller Zeiten und Völker, edited by Helmuth Theodor Bossert. Vol. 5. Berlin: E. Wasmuth, 1932. p. 147.

Brown, Katharine Reynolds. "Russo-Byzantine Jewellery in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." Apollo 111 (January 1980). pp. 6-9.

Evans, Helen C., and William D. Wixom, ed. The Glory of Byzantium: Art and Culture of the Middle Byzantine Era, A.D. 843–1261. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1997. no. 213A, pp. 312-3.

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