Small brooches, often in whimsical animal forms, were worn both by Roman soldiers stationed in the provinces and by the native population. Though brooches in these forms appear throughout the Roman world, the distribution of finds and the archaeological remains of workshops suggest that the major centers of production were Britain and Gaul.
[ Stanislas Baron, Paris]; J. Pierpont Morgan (American), London and New York (from at least 1910-1917)
Ricketson, Edith B. "Barbarian Jewelry of the Merovingian Period." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., 5, no. 5 (January 1947). p. 138.
Caillet, Jean-Pierre. "Provincial Roman Objects in The Metropolitan Museum of Art." Metropolitan Museum Journal 32 (1997). p. 52, fig. 4.
Neumayer, Heino. "Die gallo-römischen Funde aus Frankreich im Department of Medieval Art des Metropolitan Museum of Art." Acta Praehistorica et Archaeologica 48 (2016). p. 96, fig. 13 (4).