Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Processional Cross

ca. 1450
Made in Aragon, Spain
Silver-gilt, with traces of enamel on walnut core
Overall: 36 11/16 x 16 x 4 1/8 in. (93.2 x 40.6 x 10.5 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of Ella Brummer, in memory of her husband, Ernest Brummer, 1982
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 626
Intended for processional use rather than for stationary placement upon an altar, this cross is of a type developed in northern Spain that would have originally contained translucent enamel plaques, like those exhibited nearby. The central medallion on the front shows Christ in Majesty, with the mourning Virgin on the left terminal and Adam rising from the tomb at the base, while at the top is an image alluding to the self-sacrifice of the devout pelican in order to save her young. On the back the four Evangelist symbols surround a medallion featuring the Agnus Dei (Lamb of God).
[ Raimundo Ruíz Ruíz, Burgos and Madrid (sold 1932)]; [ Brummer Gallery, Paris and New York (1932–1947)]; Ernest Brummer, New York (1947–1964); Ella Bache Brummer, New York (1964–sold 1979); Galerie Koller AG, Zurich, with Spink & Son, London (lot 177, sold 1979)]; Ella Bache Brummer, New York (1979–until 1982)
Gómez-Moreno, Carmen. Medieval Art from Private Collections: A Special Exhibition at The Cloisters, October 30, 1968 through January 5, 1969. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1968. no. 140.

The Ernest Brummer Collection. Vol. 1. Zurich: Galerie Koller, October 16–19, 1979. no. 177, pp. 260–61.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Notable Acquisitions, 1982-1983 (Metropolitan Museum of Art) (1983). pp. 23-24.

Parker, Elizabeth C. "Recent Major Acquisitions of Medieval Art by American Museums." Gesta 23, no. 1 (1984). p. 71, fig. 9.

Pushkin Museum and State Hermitage Museum. Dekorativno-Prikladnoe Iskusstvo ot Pozdnei Antichnosti do Pozdnei Gotiki: Kratkii Katalog Vystavki. Moscow: Pushkin Museum, 1990. no. 82, p. 14.

State Hermitage Museum. Dekorativno-Prikladnoe Iskusstvo ot Pozdnei Antichnosti do Pozdnei Gotiki. St. Petersburg: State Hermitage Museum, 1990. no. 82, pp. 170-171.

Wixom, William D., ed. Mirror of the Medieval World. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1999. no. 225, pp. 183–84.

Related Objects

The Miracle of the Palm Tree on the Flight to Egypt

Artist: Date: ca. 1490–1510
Accession Number: 38.184
Date: ca. 1490–1510 Medium: Walnut, gesso, paint, and gilding Accession: 38.184 On view in:Gallery 305

Processional Cross

Artist: Date: ca. 1150–75
Accession Number: 17.190.1406
Date: ca. 1150–75 Medium: Silver, partially gilt on wood core, carved gems, jewels Accession: 17.190.1406 On view in:Gallery 304


Artist: Date: first half 16th century
Accession Number: 17.190.372
Date: first half 16th century Medium: Silver gilt, enamel Accession: 17.190.372 On view in:Gallery 306


Artist: Date: 15th century
Accession Number: 17.190.365
Date: 15th century Medium: Enamel, silver gilt Accession: 17.190.365 On view in:Gallery 306


Artist: Date: 1450–1500
Accession Number: 17.190.366
Date: 1450–1500 Medium: Silver-gilt Accession: 17.190.366 On view in:Gallery 306