Reliquary Cross with Christ Crucified and the Virgin and Child, Copper alloy, niello, Byzantine

Reliquary Cross with Christ Crucified and the Virgin and Child

Date:
11th century
Culture:
Byzantine
Medium:
Copper alloy, niello
Dimensions:
Overall: 3 3/4 x 1 5/8 x 1/2 in. (9.5 x 4.1 x 1.2 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Copper alloy
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1926
Accession Number:
26.15
Not on view
This cross represents a more refined example of the reliquary crosses common during the middle Byzantine period. The image of the crucified Christ is similar to the one on the reverse of the cross reliquary lid in this case. He wears a colobium (sleeveless or short-sleeve tunic) with two clavi (bands), and his feet are supported by a large footrest (suppedaneum), while his death can be inferred from the slight angle of his head to the left. On the reverse is the Virgin. In front of her body is a medallion with the Christ Child, an image type that stresses Christ’s divinity.
Inscription: Inscribed in Greek: (on front) [initials for] Jesus [Christ]; (on back) [initials for] Mother of God
Andronicos, Constantinople (sold 1925); [ Brummer Gallery, Paris and New York (1925–1926)]
New York. The Bertha & Karl Leubsdorf Gallery at Hunter College. "Objects of Devotion and Desire: Medieval Relic to Contemporary Art.," January 27, 2011–April 30, 2011.

Hahn, Cynthia, ed. Objects of Devotion and Desire: Medieval Relic to Contemporary Art. New York: Hunter College Art Galleries, 2011. no. 11, pp. 14, 34, 48-49, 56-57.