Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Relief from a Pulpit with the Symbol of Saint Luke

Artist:
Master Christophanus or Stephanus (Italian, active late 12th century) , and his Workshop
Date:
ca. 1180
Geography:
Made in Abruzzo, Central Italy
Culture:
Italian
Medium:
Limestone with lead
Dimensions:
Overall: 45 1/4 x 22 1/16 x 8 1/4in. (115 x 56 x 21cm)
Classification:
Sculpture-Architectural
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1984
Accession Number:
1984.197
On view at The Met Cloisters in Gallery 03
This relief depicts an ox, the symbol of Saint Luke, holding a book with an inscription from the opening of his Gospel. A second inscription refers to the master sculptor Stephanus and his associates. Nothing more is known of the sculptor, but the hallmarks of his style, with its crispness and richness of decorative forms contrasting with plain surfaces, are characteristic of sculpture in Abruzzi during the late twelfth century. Because of changes in the liturgy promulgated at the Council of Trent (1544-68), medieval pulpits were frequently dismantled and their parts scattered.
Inscription: [on the lintel]: [ ]IS[ ]R[O]PHANIE[ ]SOCIOR[VM];
[on the book]: FVIT IN DIEBVS [H]ERODIS REGIS (Luke, I:5)
From the church of San Michele Arcangelo at San Vittorino, Abruzzo; [ Robin Symes Limited, London (sold 1984)]
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