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Art/ Collection/ Art Object

White Rectangles, Number 3

Artist:
Irene Rice Pereira (American, Chelsea, Massachusetts 1902–1971 Marbella)
Date:
1939
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
24 x 30 in. (61 x 76.2 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Kathryn E. Hurd Fund, 1983
Accession Number:
1983.462
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 912
This painting is filled with white, blue, gold, and rust-colored geometric shapes that produce a collagelike effect. Some of the forms, particularly those near the center, are defined with strong black outlines, while various patterns and textures articulate others. Pereira used a number of different tools, including, possibly, the blunt end of her brush, to carve into the paint surface, creating troughs that enhance the paint’s physicality and, in repetition, suggest industrial production. Pereira made this work while a member of the Design Laboratory, a cooperative school of industrial design established under the Works Progress Administration. The school advocated applying abstract design principles not only to painting and sculpture, but also to industrial design and even architecture.
Inscription: Signed and dated (lower right): I. Rice Pereira 39
[Martin Diamond Fine Arts, Inc., New York, until 1983; sold to MMA]

Bronx Museum of the Arts. "Return to the Figure: Three Studies—Philip Guston, Jean Helion, Irene Rice Pereira," April 7–August 23, 1988, no catalogue.

Greenwich, Conn. Bruce Museum of Arts and Science. "The American Avant-Garde: A Decade of Change 1936–1946," October 1–December 31, 2000, no. 37 (as "White Rectangles, No. 3").

Henry Heydenryk. The Right Frame: A Consideration of the Right and Wrong Methods of Framing Pictures. New York, 1964, ill. p. 54 (installation photo).



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