Jacques Lipchitz (American (born Lithuania), Druskininkai 1891–1973 Capri)
13 1/2 x 11 1/2 x 9 3/4 in. (34.3 x 29.2 x 24.8 cm)
The Muriel Kallis Steinberg Newman Collection, Gift of Muriel Kallis Newman, 2006
Not on view
When Lipchitz modeled this work in 1925, his success was such that he was able to commission a house and studio in the Paris suburbs from the architect Le Corbusier. As he moved from the city center, he abandoned the geometric Cubist style that he had shared with Juan Gris and Pablo Picasso for a new lyrical expressiveness. In his memoirs, he recalled that this figure represents “a weary man, slumped in a chair, his arm supporting his nodding, drowsy head.” He noted that upon seeing this sculpture, a businessman exclaimed “My God, that’s exactly how I feel at the end of the day.” The pose recalls the figure in Albrecht Dürer’s famous engraving of 1514, Melencholia I.
Inscription: Signed on top of base, rear proper right: J Lipchitz Foundry mark stamped into base: IRE / VALSAURAS / PARIS [square frame around mark]
[Buchholz Gallery (Curt Valentin), New York, until 1952; sold on February 11, 1952 to Steinberg]; Muriel Kallis Steinberg, Chicago (1952–2006; her gift to MMA)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "An American Choice: The Muriel Kallis Steinberg Newman Collection," May 21–September 27, 1981, unnumbered cat. (p. 23).
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Abstract Expressionism and Other Modern Works: The Muriel Kallis Steinberg Newman Collection in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," September 17, 2007–February 3, 2008, extended to March 2, 2008, no. 6.
H. H. Arnason. Jacques Lipchitz: Sketches in Bronze. New York, 1969, p. 11.
Jacques Lipchitz H. H. Arnason. My Life in Sculpture. New York, 1972, pp. 81–82.
Deborah A. Scott. Jacques Lipchitz and Cubism. New York and London, 1978, pp. 162, 166–69, 189.
Hilton Kramer. "Modernist Show Moves Met Firmly into Art of 20th Century." New York Times (May 22, 1981), p. C21.
Alan G. Wilkinson. The Sculpture of Jacques Lipchitz: A Catalogue Raisonné. Vol. 1, The Paris Years, 1910-1940. New York, 1996, no. 176 ("edition unknown").
Michael R. Taylor inAbstract Expressionism and Other Modern Works: The Muriel Kallis Steinberg Newman Collection in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Ed. Gary Tinterow, Lisa Mintz Messinger, and Nan Rosenthal. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, pp. 27–29, no. 6, ill. (color).