32 3/4 × 41 1/4 in. (83.2 × 104.8 cm) Overall with mounting: 78 1/8 × 43 1/2 in. (198.4 × 110.5 cm) Overall with knobs: 78 1/8 × 47 in. (198.4 × 119.4 cm)
John Stewart Kennedy Fund, 1913
Not on view
Except for this painting, there are no other known references to the artist Tan Song. According to his inscription, he was inspired by the brush idiom of the eleventh-century landscape master Guo Xi. But it is clear from the painting’s style, content, and date that Tan was a close follower of Yuan Jiang (act. 1680–1730) and Yuan Yao (act. 1730–after 1778) and may well have assisted them in the family studio. Tan’s painting is modeled on similar compositions by both of the Yuans that also invoke Guo Xi as their stylistic source and similarly feature heavily laden ox carts moving through the mountains. Yet in his eagerness to emulate these masters, Tan Song has created a caricature of their manner. In Tan’s hands the Yuans’ exuberant style of brushwork for defining landscape features has become a frothy profusion of nervous squiggles and curlicues that no longer describe substantial forms. The same tendency toward overelaboration is also apparent in the profusion of narrative elements and genre details that Tan has scattered throughout his composition, including two oxcarts whose illogical destination seems to be the crest of the central peak.
Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings
Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (2 columns in semi-running script)
[ John C. Ferguson , until 1913; sold to MMA]
Phoenix Art Museum. "The Elegant Brush: Chinese Painting under the Qianlong Emperors (1735–95)," August 27, 1985–October 1985.
Santa Barbara Museum of Art. "The Elegant Brush: Chinese Painting under the Qianlong Emperors (1735–95)," February 1986–March 1986.
Hong Kong Museum of Art. "The Elegant Brush: Chinese Painting under the Qianlong Emperors (1735–95)," October 17, 1986–November 30, 1986.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Dreams of Yellow Mountain: Landscapes of Survival in Seventeenth-Century China," September 13, 2003–February 22, 2004.