Between 1954 and 1956 Lawrence produced thirty pictures about the American Revolution and the Constitution, the westward migration, the Civil War, and the Industrial Revolution that he collectively entitled Struggle…From the History of the American People. Those images, plus thirty others, never executed, were intended for a publication that was never realized. Washington Crossing the Delaware, the tenth panel of the series, depicts war-weary soldiers of Washington's army huddle under blankets in three small rowboats in December 1776. Standing at the helm (at lower left) is their leader, his head and back bent stalwartly into the oncoming wind.
[Alan Gallery, New York]; William Meyers, New York (1959–at least 1966; on consignment in February 1966 to the Martin Gallery, New York); Irwin and Phyllis Bogen, New York; by descent to private collection; [D. C. Moore Gallery, New York, until 2003; sold to MMA]
New York. Alan Gallery. "Jacob Lawrence: Struggle... From the History of the American People," December 28, 1956–January 19, 1957, no. 10.
New York. Alan Gallery. "Jacob Lawrence: Struggle... From the History of the American People," May 5–24, 1958, no. 10.
New York. Midtown Payson Galleries, Inc. "Jacob Lawrence, an Overview: Paintings from 1936–1994," January 12–February 25, 1995, unnumbered cat. (p. 11; lent by a private collection).
New York. The Met Breuer. "Kerry James Marshall Selects: Works from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," October 25, 2016–January 29, 2017, no catalogue (p. 267 in "Kerry James Marshall: Mastry" exhibition catalogue).
"American Struggle: Three Paintings by Jacob Lawrence." Vogue 130 (July 1957), p. 66, ill. (color).
Peter T. Nesbett and Michelle DuBois. Jacob Lawrence: Paintings, Drawings, and Murals (1935–1999). A Catalogue Raisonné. Seattle, 2000, pp. 130, 133, no. P56-03, ill. (color).
Lisa M. Messinger in "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 2003–2004." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 62 (Fall 2004), p. 41, ill. (color).