This is a typical late model over-the-shoulder horn with string action rotary valves. The instruments were used in military bands that were positioned in front of marching soldiers. The bells pointed backwards so the soldiers following the band could hear them. The instruments were common during the Civil War and were advertised by musical instrument manufacturers as late as the 1880s.
Marking: 1. Engraved on nickel-silver shield on bell: John F./Stratton/N...York
2. stamped on valves: 16 17 18
Mary Elizabeth Adams Brown
Our Tuneful Heritage: American Musical Instruments from The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exhibition catalogue., Brigham Young University. Provo, Utah, 1994, pg. 73, fig. 44, ill.
A Checklist of American Musical Instruments. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1989, pg. 36, ill.
American Musical Instruments in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1985, pg. 89, fig. 90, ill.
Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments: Europe. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1904, vol. I, pg. 191, ill.
Catalogue of the Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments of All Nations: I. Europe, Galleries 25 and 26, Central Cases of Galleries 27 and 28. Catalogue., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, vol. 13, pg. 191, 191+ * 20 (Harp mislabeled 2295 is 89.4.2320 and a depicted Sax Horn 89.4.2295 on p. 191 * Please see Remarks below, ill.