Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Relief with a billy goat

Period:
Old Kingdom
Dynasty:
Dynasty 4
Reign:
reign of Khufu
Date:
ca. 2551–2528 B.C.
Geography:
From Egypt, Memphite Region, Lisht North, Pyramid Temple of Amenemhat I, MMA excavations, 1920–22
Medium:
Limestone
Dimensions:
h. 32 cm (12 5/8 in); w. 50 cm (19 11/16 in)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund and Edward S. Harkness Gift, 1922
Accession Number:
22.1.20
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 103
This section from a procession of goats resembles other goats from Khufu's pyramid complex and is close in style to the cattle of Khufu in 22.1.3a,b. The slightly higher relief of the preserved head allowed the artist to render the animal's knobby facial bones, give added depth to the eye, and emphasize the twisted horns.

Possibly the goats on one wall and the cattle on another were being led inward toward the king's offering chapel and represented the offering of meat in perpetuity.
Excavated by the Egyptian Expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Acquired by the Museum in the division of finds.

Phillips, Dorothy W. 1942. Ancient Egyptian Animals, Picture Books (Metropolitan Museum of Art), New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pl. 8.

Hayes, William C. 1953. Scepter of Egypt I: A Background for the Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Part I: From the Earliest Times to the End of the Middle Kingdom. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 68.

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