Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Lower Part of the Door of a Tomb

Period:
Middle Kingdom
Dynasty:
Dynasty 11
Date:
ca. 2051–1981 B.C.
Geography:
From Egypt, Upper Egypt, Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Tomb MMA 509a, MMA excavations, 1922–23
Medium:
Sycomore wood, gesso
Dimensions:
H. 215 × W. 151 × D. 11 cm (84 5/8 × 59 7/16 × 4 5/16 in.)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1923
Accession Number:
23.3.174a
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 106
This door was found in situand slightly ajar at the entrance to a rock-cut tomb from the Middle Kingdom (see Web Label Figure 1). Such doors have rarely survived from ancient Egypt, as most were removed and reused elsewhere once the cult for the original tomb owner was no longer celebrated. The top half was destroyed in antiquity by a combination of wasps, who gathered the wood fiber for use in their nests, and later undertakers, who carried coffins in for later intrusive burials over the lower half. What remained was trapped in place by rocks that fell from the cliffs above.

The door is composed of seven vertical planks of wood, two inches thick, doweled together edge to edge and reinforced on the back by numerous horizontal battens spaced eight inches apart. The outside was coated wtih stucco. The lock had been cut away in ancient times, but mud seals used to secure it were found under the door. Several additional fragments, including one preserving part of the cartouche of a king Mentuhotep, were recovered nearby.

More than a thousand years later the vizier Nespekashuty, who served under King Psamtik I (664-610 B. C.) had his tomb cut into the cliff close to this one, but the remains of the earlier doorway had by that time totally disappeared under debris.
Museum excavations, 1922-23. Acquired by the Museum in the division of finds, 1923.

Winlock, Herbert E. 1923. "The Egyptian Expedition 1922–1923." In The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, vol. 18, no. 12, part 2 (December), p. 15, fig. 5.

Hayes, William C. 1953. Scepter of Egypt I: A Background for the Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Part I: From the Earliest Times to the End of the Middle Kingdom. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 257, fig. 163.

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