Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Shabti of Senebimi

Period:
Middle Kingdom
Dynasty:
Dynasty 12
Date:
ca. 1981–1802 B.C.
Geography:
From Egypt, Middle Egypt, Meir, Khashaba excavations, 1910
Medium:
Wood, paint
Dimensions:
H. 36.2 cm (14 1/4 in.); W. 6 cm (2 3/8 in.); D. 6 cm (2 3/8 in.)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1911
Accession Number:
11.150.14
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 112
Funerary figures known as shabtis first appeared during the early Middle Kingdom. When the deceased was called upon to carry out obligatory labor in the next world, these magical images were supposed to act in his or her place. Their traditional form is that of a wrapped mummy, initially represented as seen here, without defined arms or hands. The gessoed body of this early specimen is inscribed with a simple offering formula and the owner’s name.
Excavated by Sayyid Pasha Khashaba and received in the division of finds. Purchased by the Museum from Khashaba, 1911.

Hayes, William C. 1953. Scepter of Egypt I: A Background for the Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in The Metropolitan Museum of Art: From the Earliest Times to the End of the Middle Kingdom. Cambridge, Mass.: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 328, fig. 216.

Reeves, Nicholas 2015. "Shabti of Senebimi(?)." In Ancient Egypt Transformed: The Middle Kingdom, edited by Adela Oppenheim, Dorothea Arnold, Dieter Arnold, and Kei Yamamoto. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 236–37, no. 174.

Quirke, Stephen 2015. "Understanding Death: A Journey between Worlds." In Ancient Egypt Transformed: The Middle Kingdom, edited by Adela Oppenheim, Dorothea Arnold, Dieter Arnold, and Kei Yamamoto. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 221.

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