清 祁豸佳 倣倪瓚冬林亭子圖 軸 Pavilion amongst Wintry Trees after Ni Zan
Qi Zhijia (Chinese, ca. 1595–ca. 1670)
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
Hanging scroll; ink on paper
45 5/8 x 20 in. (116 x 50.8 cm)
Gift of Marie-Hélène and Guy A. Weill, 2000
Not on view
Qi Zhijia, whom a contemporary described as being "addicted to calligraphy, painting, kickball, cymbal music, and opera," was a native of Shanyin, Zhejiang Province. He served briefly as an official under the Ming dynasty, but retired after the Manchu conquest of 1644, adopting the lifestyle of a scholar-recluse. Renown as a poet and calligrapher, he also excelled in landscape painting in the styles of the tenthcentury masters Dong Yuan and Juran.
In this painting Qi has adopted the spare landscape idiom of the scholar-artist Ni Zan (1306–1374). Typified by an isolated grove of trees or empty pavilion set within an austere river landscape, Ni's images have long been understood as emblematic of the displacement and isolation experienced by many members of the educated elite during the disintegration of the Mongol Yuan dynasty. After the fall of the Ming, many loyalists consciously evoked Ni's pictorial imagery as a way of expressing their response to dynastic collapse.
Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (3 columns in semi-cursive script)
Wang Jiqian 王季遷 (C. C. Wang, 1907–2003), I column in semi-cursive script, undated:
Wang Jiqian 王季遷 (C. C. Wang, 1907–2003) 震澤王氏寶武堂圖書記 Unidentified 蕭山徐令德松年氏家藏圖章
Marie-Hélène and Guy A. Weill , New York (until 2000; donated to MMA)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Secular and Sacred: Scholars, Deities, and Immortals in Chinese Art," September 10, 2005–January 8, 2006.