Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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釋迦牟尼佛

Period:
Sixteen Kingdoms period (304–439)
Date:
late 4th–early 5th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Gilt bronze; piece-mold cast
Dimensions:
H. 6 1/2 in. (16.5 cm); W. 2 3/4 in. (7 cm); D. 1 3/8 in. (3.5 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture
Credit Line:
Purchase, Arthur M. Sackler Gift, 1974
Accession Number:
1974.268.8a–c
Not on view
Representations of the Buddha wearing a thick shawl over both shoulders and sitting atop a throne with lions on either side are Chinese adaptations of images derived from the northwest region of the Indian subcontinent, particularly from areas in present-day Pakistan (known as Gandhara in the ancient world). Scientific examination of this sculpture has shown that it was cast using several ceramic molds, a technique that was also used to create the ancient bronze ritual vessels on view in this gallery. By the fifth century, the lost-wax method, which may have been introduced with Buddhism, was used more often for the casting of Chinese sculptures.
Frederick M. Mayer 1898–1974 , New York (until 1974; to Christie, Manson & Woods); Mayer sale, Christie's, Manson & Woods Ltd. , June 24–5, lot 141; to Eskenazi ; [ Eskenazi Ltd. , London, 1974; sold to MMA]
New York. China House. "Small Sculpture: Shang through Song Dynasties".

Newark Museum. "Art in Buddhism".

Seoul. National Museum of Korea. "Masterpieces of Early Buddhist Sculpture," September 24, 2015–November 15, 2015.

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