Evening coat, House of Balenciaga (French, founded 1937), silk, French

Evening coat

Design House:
House of Balenciaga (French, founded 1937)
Cristobal Balenciaga (Spanish, Guetaria, San Sebastian 1895–1972 Javea)
fall/winter 1950–51
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. Byron C. Foy, 1955
Accession Number:
Not on view

This full evening coat of American Beauty red velvet has melon or pumpkin sleeves. A double circular cape collar conceals where the front is gathered at the neck and the short back yoke to which a full back is gathered. The tremendous balloon sleeves attach to a turnback cuff.

The coat's strong red velvet—which resembles a color favored by the Spanish painter Goya—combined with its flowing body lends a courtly air to the design. Balenciaga's designs were notoriously expensive. Hours were spent on each creation, with the designer himself reworking a sleeve or ripping out a seam until the finished result was perfect. Balenciaga's clientele included established society women whose clothing allowances could accommodate extreme degrees of elegance. Such attention to detail, as illustrated by this coat from the fall/winter collection of 1950, would have cost the client $770, expensive even by couture standards.

Marking: [label] "Balenciaga, 10 Avenue George V, Paris"
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The World of Balenciaga," March 23, 1973–September 9, 1973.

Musée de la Mode et du Textile. "Balenciaga," July 4, 2006–January 28, 2007.

Musée de la Mode et du Textile. "Balenciaga Paris," July 4, 2006–January 28, 2007.

de Young Museum, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. "Balenciaga and Spain," March 26, 2011–July 4, 2011.