Imprimerie photographique de Blanquart-Évrard, à Lille (French, active 1851–55)
Salted paper print (Blanquart-Évrard process) from paper negative
20.9 x 16.2 cm (8 1/4 x 6 3/8 in.)
Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1946
Not on view
Louis-Désiré Blanquart-Évrard pursued William Henry Fox Talbot's negative/positive experiments and by 1851 was confident enough to open a factory in the outskirts of Lille, in northern France, that cleared the way to mass-producing photographs in the same quantities as traditional prints. At last, photography could hope to succeed as both art and industry. A frequent collaborator of Blanquart-Évrard, Marville contributed more than one hundred photographs, mostly architectural views, to the publisher's many portfolios. This image is somewhat atypical of Marville's oeuvre. Its atmosphere of intimacy and nonchalance evokes the achievements of the wealthy amateur photographers of the time more than the severe architectural views usually associated with Marville. However, it was published in Blanquart-Évrard's album, Études photographiques (1853), the title of which suggests that such pictures were intended as studies for artists.
Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings
Inscription: signed in negative, LL on print: "Ch. Marville [illegible]" [Isabelle Jammes cites this print as "Signé Ch. Marville, 1853", but in our print the date is not legible]; printed on mount, recto, LC: "ÉTUDES PHOTOGRAPHIQUES.// 1e SÉRIE, No 18 [numbers inscribed in pencil]// BLANQUART-ÉVRARD, ÉDITEUR. IMPRIMERIE PHOTOGRAPHIQUE, Blanquart-Évrard, à Lille."
E. Weill, London
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Landscapes by French Artists, 1780-1880," November 17, 1987–February 14, 1988.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Johnson Gallery, Selections from the Collection 38," June 29, 2004–September 26, 2004.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Framing a Century: Master Photographers, 1840–1940," June 3, 2008–September 1, 2008.
National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. "Charles Marville: Photographer of Paris," September 29, 2013–January 5, 2014.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Charles Marville, Photographer of Paris," January 27, 2014–May 4, 2014.
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. "Charles Marville: Photographer of Paris," June 13, 2014–September 14, 2014.
Jammes, Isabelle. Blanquart-Evrard et les Origines de l'Édition Photographique Française: Catalogue Raisonné des Albums Photographiques Édités 1851–1855. Geneva: Libraire Droz, 1981. p. 195.
Jones, Kimberly. In the Forest of Fontainebleau: Painters and Photographers from Corot to Monet. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C., 2008. p. 159, fig. 2.
Kennel, Sarah. Charles Marville: Photographer of Paris. Washington, D.C.: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2013. no. 16, pp. iii, 59.
Acquired as 1 of 20 leaves in a loosely bound album with pink paper covers titled in letterpress "Album Photographique, Choix de Vingt Sujets Divers," Paris. Originally part of the suite of images called "Étude Photographique" which appeared in 1853. Our album is a sampler of several of Blanquart-Évrard's suites; the choice of plates may well have been left to the purchaser. No other sampler album of this type is known to exist.