Exhibitions/ Art Object

Toile de Guerre (War Toile)

Designer:
Unknown Designer
Date:
ca. 1916
Medium:
Printed cotton
Dimensions:
17 1/2 × 16 1/4 in. (44.5 × 41.3 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Printed
Credit Line:
Gift of Eddystone Manufacturing Company, 1917
Accession Number:
17.132.2
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 691
These French printed toiles, or textiles, based on traditional French printed toiles de Jouy, were intended to boost patriotism during World War I and incorporate various nationalistic and victorious symbols with roots in ancient classicism. These motifs - wreathes and trophies of weapons for victory, the fasces for strength in numbers, Phrygian caps for freedom, cockerels for France, and the Marianne (the classically-dressed Athena-like figure) for reason, liberty, and the personification of the French people - are rendered in a manner both up-to-date and traditional, making them topical and movingly nostalgic.
Eddystone Manufacturing Company (until 1917; their gift to MMA)

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Classic/Fantastic: Selections from the Modern Design Collection," December 21, 2007–April 5, 2009, no catalogue.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of French Art Deco," August 4, 2009–January 23, 2011, no catalogue.

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