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Exhibitions/ Art Object
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十一面観音影向図
Eleven-Headed Kannon on Mount Fudaraka

Period:
Kamakura period (1185–1333)
Date:
13th century
Culture:
Japan
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink, color, and gold on silk
Dimensions:
Image: 42 1/2 × 16 1/8 in. (108 × 41 cm) Overall with mounting: 71 3/4 × 22 3/4 in. (182.2 × 57.8 cm) Overall with knobs: 71 3/4 × 24 3/8 in. (182.2 × 61.9 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
The Harry G. C. Packard Collection of Asian Art, Gift of Harry G. C. Packard, and Purchase, Fletcher, Rogers, Harris Brisbane Dick, and Louis V. Bell Funds, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, and The Annenberg Fund Inc. Gift, 1975
Accession Number:
1975.268.20
Not on view
Described in the sutras as a mountainous island in the southern sea, Mount Fudaraka (Sanskrit: Potalaka) is said to be the residence of the bodhisattva Kannon (Sanskrit: Avalokiteshvara). In China, this island was popularly believed to be off the coast of Ningbo in Zhejiang province. Because Ningbo was the main port for ships from Japan during the medieval period, the cult of Fudaraka Kannon became known in Japan and was eventually assimilated into syncretic mountain worship (shugendō). Certain sacred Japanese mountains, such as Kumano and Kasuga, came to be revered as Pure Land abodes of Kannon, who is viewed as an emanation of the Amida Buddha (Sanskrit: Amitābha). Here, Kannon is shown with eleven heads (jūichimen), one of the most commonly depicted of the deity's thirty-three forms.

Details in the landscape, such as the spring blossoms and autumn leaves, reflect the painting's role as a virtual pilgrimage to the sacred mountainous sites.
[ Harry G. C. Packard , Tokyo, until 1975; donated and sold to MMA].
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Manifestations of the Merciful Bodhisattva: Kannon," 1989.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Arts of Japan," 1995.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Arts of Japan," 1998.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "A Sense of Place: Landscape in Japanese Art," May 8, 2002–September 8, 2002.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Birds, Flowers, and Buddhist Paradise Imagery in Japanese Art," February 14, 2004–June 13, 2004.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Mighty Kano School: Orthodoxy and Iconoclasm," December 18, 2004–June 5, 2005.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Flowing Streams: Scenes from Japanese Arts and Life," December 21, 2006–June 3, 2007.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Animals, Birds, Insects, and Marine Life in Japanese Art," June 26, 2008–November 30, 2008.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Five Thousand Years of Japanese Art: Treasures from the Packard Collection," December 17, 2009–June 10, 2010.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Arts of Japan," September 27, 2014–January 14, 2015.

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