The Kufic calligraphy, with its intricate floral endings, on this panel from a marble cenotaph states the bismillah, "In the name of God the Merciful the Compassionate." As funerary inscriptions often begin with this phrase, followed by verses from the Qur’an and information about the deceased, that information probably would have appeared on the rest of the cenotaph. The decorative Kufic script on this panel developed from the austere angular Kufic used for earlier inscriptions.
Inscription: In Arabic: In the name of God the Merciful the Compassionate
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Byzantium and Islam: Age of Transition (7th–9th Century)," March 12, 2012–July 8, 2012.