The Patriotick Barber of New York, or the Captain in the Suds
Attributed to Philip Dawe (British, 1745?–?1809)
R. Sayer and J. Bennett (London)
February 14, 1775
plate: 13 7/8 x 10 in. (35.3 x 25.4 cm) sheet: 16 1/2 x 11 9/16 in. (41.9 x 29.3 cm)
Gift of William H. Huntington, 1883
Not on view
In this satire, issued in London the year before the outbreak of the American Revolution, Captain John Crozer, commander of a British ship, has been recognized in the barbershop of Jacob Vredenburgh, a New York Son of Liberty who refuses to finish shaving him. The subject demonstrates how New Yorkers refused to cooperate with British troops garrisoned in the city from the autumn of 1774. When the story reached England it inspired this print. The following verse is printed below the image: "Then Patriot grand, maintain thy Stand,/ And whilst thou sav'st Americ's Land,/ Preserve the Golden Rule;--/ Forbid the Captains there to roam,/ Half shave them first; then send 'em home,/ Objects of ridicule." Some of the figures are caricatured, others represented more realistically. The names of Sons of Liberty are inscribed on wig boxes throughout the compostion. Famous defenders of civil liberties, William Pitt the Elder, 1st Earl of Chatham, and Charles, 1st Earl Camden are portrayed in prints that hang on the back wall.
Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings
Inscription: In plate, lower left: "Plate III"; below image at center: "Then Patriot grand, maintain thy Stand,/ And whilst thou sav'st Americ's Land,/ Preserve the Golden Rule;--/ Forbid the Captains there to roam,/ Half shave them first; then send 'em home,/ Objects of ridicule;" along bottom edge: "London, printed for R. Bennett & J. Sayer, No. 53 Fleet Street, as the Act directs, 14 Feb., 1775"
William Henry Huntington; Donor: William Henry Huntington
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Infinite Jest: Caricature and Satire from Leonardo to Levine," September 13, 2011–March 4, 2012.
British Museum Satires 5284
Frederic George Stephens, M. Dorothy George Catalogue of political and personal satires preserved in the Department of Prints and Drawings in the British Museum. 11 vols., London, 1870-, Vol. V, no.. 5284.
R. T. Haines Halsey The Boston Port Bill as Pictured by a Contemporary London Cartooinist. The Grolier Club, 1904, pp. xix, 215.
Joan D. Dolmetsch, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Rebellion and reconciliation: satirical prints on the Revolution at Williamsburg. 1976, cat. no. 32.
Nadine Orenstein, Constance C. McPhee Infinite Jest: Caricature and Satire from Leonardo to Levine Exh. cat.: September 13, 2011 - March 4, 2012. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New Haven and London, 2011, Entry by Constance McPhee, cat. no. 120, p. 159, ill.