Honi. Soi. Qui. Mal. Y. Pense: The Caricature Shop of G. Humphrey, 27 St. James's Street, London
Theodore Lane (British, Isleworth ca. 1800–1828 London)
Published London by George Humphrey (British, 1773?–?1831)
August 12, 1821
plate: 11 13/16 x 16 7/8 in. (30 x 42.8 cm) sheet: 11 7/8 x 18 9/16 in. (30.2 x 47.2 cm)
Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1917
Not on view
A crowd of boisterous Londoners is shown inspecting satires critical of Queen Caroline, the estranged wife of the recently crowned King George IV. These are displayed in the bow-front shop window of George Humphrey, a print publisher who inherited a successful business from his aunt Hannah in 1818. Humphrey supported the king in the dramatic period between 1820 and 1821 when Caroline returned to England from the Continent hoping to be recognized as consort, but was sued for divorce, barred from the coronation, collapsed and died. From the mid eighteenth century, print publishers placed newly issued satires against the panes of their shop windows to draw customers. Humorous, topical images drew viewers from all social classes and encouraged lively interaction.
Inscription: in plate: "London Published by G. Humphrey 27 S-t James's S-t August 12. 1821"
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Infinite Jest: Caricature and Satire from Leonardo to Levine," September 13, 2011–March 4, 2012.
British Museum Satires X.14206
Nadine Orenstein, Constance C. McPhee Infinite Jest: Caricature and Satire from Leonardo to Levine Exh. cat.: September 13, 2011 - March 4, 2012. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New Haven and London, 2011, fig. no. 8, p. 13, ill.