Durga and Kali Approach the Gathered Armies of Chanda and Munda: Scene from the Devi Mahatmya
India (Himachal Pradesh, Guler)
Ink and opaque watercolor on paper
7 3/4 x 11 5/8 in. (19.7 x 29.5 cm)
Gift of Cynthia Hazen Polsky, 1997
Not on view
The second great battle in the Devi Mahatmya occurs when Durga tells the terrible demon Shumbha that she will only marry a man who defeats her in battle. He responds by sending the demons Chanda and Munda and their armies to drag her back by her hair for her insolence. After Durga manifests Kali from her brow, the two enter the battle. This work directly corresponds to the text, which describes Kali, looking gruesome with emaciated skin, devouring elephants and riders by pulverizing them with her teeth. This preparatory sketch includes color notations and initial coloring. The page was overlaid with a grid, presumably to allow the image to be transferred or enlarged.
Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings
Inscription: Numbered 33 above; abraded and obscured devanagari inscriptions on upper picture surface
[ Art of the Past, Inc. , New York, until 1997, sold to Polsky]; Cynthia Hazen Polsky , New York (1997; donated to MMA)
New York. Art of the Past, Inc. "Soul of the Artist: Drawings by Indian Artists," 1998.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Painting in the Punjab Hills," 1999–2000.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Gods and Demons," 2000–2001.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Drawings from the Courts of North India: Sixteenth to Nineteenth Century," 2002.
New York. Asia Society. "In the Realm of Gods and Kings: Arts of India, Selections from the Polsky Collections and The Metropolitan Museum of Art," September 14, 2004–December 10, 2004.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Mother India: The Goddess in Indian Painting," June 29, 2011–November 27, 2011.