Brigadier General Gustavus A. DeRussy and Staff on Steps of Arlington House, Arlington, Virginia
Alexander Gardner (American, Glasgow, Scotland 1821–1882 Washington, D.C.)
Albumen silver print from glass negative
17.2 x 23cm (6 3/4 x 9 1/16in.) Mount: 27.7 x 31.8cm (10 7/8 x 12 1/2in.)
A. Hyatt Mayor Purchase Fund, Marjorie Phelps Starr Bequest, 1986
Not on view
Gardner was an expert in the new wet-collodion-on-glass-plate photographic process and was manager of Mathew B. Brady's Washington, D.C., portrait studio. He split with Brady in November 1862 and formed his own company, taking with him many of Brady's best photographers. Gardner and his corps, like Brady's, produced a vast photographic documentation of the Civil War.
Here, Union soldiers pose for the camera in deliberately casual attitudes on the front steps of the Confederate commander Robert E. Lee's mansion, which was confiscated by the government in 1861. Laying blame-literally at Lee's doorstep-for the vast suffering of the Civil War, the Union Army in 1864 began to bury its dead on Lee's property in what later became Arlington National Cemetery.
Inscription: Inscribed in negative on print, recto UL: "No. 215 [reversed]"; inscribed in pencil on print, verso C: "215"; inscribed in pencil on print, verso C [sideways]: "Gardner"; inscribed in pencil on print, verso CR: "XXIV"; inscribed in pencil on print, verso LL: "BY429"; inscribed in pencil on print, verso LR: "5a"
Alexander Gardner to the Century Company; then to Frederick Hill Meserve
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Recent Acquisitions: Drawings, Prints, and Photographs," September 20, 1988–January 8, 1989.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Johnson Gallery, Selections from the Collection 8," March 14, 1995–June 11, 1995.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Portraits: A Century of Photographs," September 10, 2002–January 13, 2003.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Photography and the American Civil War," April 2, 2013–September 2, 2013.
Gibbes Museum of Art. "Photography and the American Civil War," September 27, 2013–January 5, 2014.
New Orleans Museum of Art. "Photography and the American Civil War," January 31, 2014–May 4, 2014.
Hambourg, Maria Morris, Doug Eklund, Mia Fineman, and Jeff L. Rosenheim. Walker Evans. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000. p. 82.