Every tumar (triangular amulet holder) exhibits the same basic features: a hollow cylinder divided into three to six compartments, usually set with carnelians, open at one end to insert the rolled paper document and terminating in long chains with pendants. Within this format, tribal variations are numerous. These four Teke pieces illustrate a range of scales and formats.
The largest (no. 2005.443.9) features large-scale openwork and a massing of carnelians, like other pieces new to the literature. This work exhibits a particularly skillful treatment of the openwork arabesque border at the bottom, a swirling motif at either end of the cylinder, and imposing terminals of palmettes/rams’ heads. The bells at the end of the chains are fitted with bands of decorative wire and set with small carnelians, a particularly refined touch.
The pair of pendants, no. 2017.693a. b, is distinguished by the wavy outline of the triangular element and by the use of a solid lower band as opposed to the more usual openwork with arabesques.
The pendants in no. 2012.206.12a, b are delicate and graceful, with brilliant polished stones, lacelike openwork, and skillfully executed chevron and arabesque decoration.
No. 2014.714.12 presents an intriguing example of an abstract design derived from a stylization of the arabesque. The undulating, seminaturalistic vegetal scroll is reinterpreted as a geometric design of wavy lines, comma-shaped voids, and pointed forms, punctuated by dots and minute circles.
Layla S. Diba in [Diba 2011]
Marshall and Marilyn R. Wolf, Toronto, Canada (until 2005; gifted to MMA)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Turkmen Jewelry," October 9, 2012–February 24, 2013, no. 125.
Diba, Layla S. "Silver Ornaments from the Marshall and Marilyn R. Wolf Collection." In Turkmen Jewelry. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011. no. 125, pp. 40, 41, 171-172, ill. figs. 1, 4, p. 171 (color).
Artist: Date: late 19th–early 20th century Accession Number: 2016.714.10 Date: late 19th–early 20th centuryMedium: Silver with silver twisted wire and applied decoration, slightly domed table cut carnelians and turquoise beads, silver link chains and spherical bells/beads.Accession: 2016.714.10On view in:Not on view
Artist: Date: probably 20th century Accession Number: 2015.648.2a Date: probably 20th centuryMedium: Silver; fire gilded with openwork decorations, table cut carnelians, silver twisted wire and link chains, and bells/beadsAccession: 2015.648.2aOn view in:Not on view
Artist: Date: probably 20th century Accession Number: 2015.648.2b Date: probably 20th centuryMedium: Silver; fire gilded with openwork decorations, table cut carnelians, silver twisted wire and link chains, and bells/beadsAccession: 2015.648.2bOn view in:Not on view
Artist: Date: late 19th–early 20th century Accession Number: 2009.530.13a, b Date: late 19th–early 20th centuryMedium: Silver; fire-gilded and chased, with openwork, chains, table-cut carnelians, and turquoise beadsAccession: 2009.530.13a, bOn view in:Not on view