The Terrace at the Hôtel Mistral

Artist:
Georges Braque (French, Argenteuil 1882–1963 Paris)
Date:
L'Estaque and Paris, autumn 1907
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
32 × 24 1/8 in. (81.3 × 61.3 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Promised Gift from the Leonard A. Lauder Cubist Collection
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2018 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Not on view
A century ago, L’Estaque was a modest Mediterranean port to the northwest of the industrial city Marseille. Of the many artists who spent time painting its scenic vistas, none was better known than Paul Cézanne (1839–1906). It was partly in homage to this revered and recently deceased artist that Braque traveled to L’Estaque in the summer of 1907. The influence of Cézanne’s art can be seen here in Braque’s palette and use of geometric forms to render the terraced park adjacent to a seaside hotel.
Inscription: Signed and dated (verso, left): G. Braque 07
[Galerie Kahnweiler, Paris, probably before November 1908–14; inv. no. 95, photo no. 1032; sequestered Kahnweiler stock, December 12, 1914–21; first Kahnweiler sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, June 13, 1921, no. 21, as "La Terrasse–L'Estaque," sold for Fr 260, to "Monsieur Grassat,” the Kahnweiler syndicate, for Galerie Simon]; [Galerie Simon (Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler), Paris, from 1921]; Margaret and Werner E. Josten, New York (in 1956–his d.1963); Margaret Josten (1963–her d. 1976); their son, Peter W. Josten, New York and Griggstown, New Jersey (1976–94; sold in November 1994 to Lauder); Leonard A. Lauder, New York (from 1994)

Paris. Galerie Kahnweiler. "Exposition Georges Braque," November 9–28, 1908, no. 6 or 11 as "La terrasse".

Edinburgh. Royal Scottish Academy. "G. Braque: An Exhibition of Paintings," August 18–September 15, 1956, no. 11 (as "View from the Hotel Mistral, L'Estaque").

London. Tate Gallery. "G. Braque: An Exhibition of Paintings," September 28–November 11, 1956, no. 11.

New York. Museum of Modern Art. "Picasso and Braque: Pioneering Cubism," September 24, 1989–January 16, 1990, unnumbered cat. (p. 78).

Philadelphia Museum of Art. "Picasso and Braque: After Cézanne," November 9, 1996–February 25, 1997, extended to March 2, 1997.

Houston. Museum of Fine Arts. "Georges Braque: A Retrospective," February 13–May 11, 2014.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection," October 20, 2014–February 16, 2015, no. 1.

Exposition Georges Braque. Exh. cat., Galerie Kahnweiler. Paris, 1908, unpaginated, no. 6 or 11.

"Échos de l’Hôtel Drouot. Liste complète des prix atteints aux ventes Uhde et Kahnweiler: Vente Kahnweiler, 13 et 14 June 1921." L’Esprit Nouveau: Revue internationale illustré de l’actualité contemporaine no. 13 (1921), p. 1566, as "La Terrasse, L'Estaque".

George Isarlov. Georges Braque. Paris, 1932, p. 15, no. 29, as "La terrasse (Estaque)".

Henry R. Hope. Georges Braque. Exh. cat., Cleveland Museum of Art. New York, 1949, pp. 27–28, ill. p. 24, as "View from the Hotel Mistral".

Douglas Cooper. G. Braque: An Exhibition of Paintings. Exh. cat., Tate Gallery. London, 1956, p. 8.

G. Braque. Exh. cat., Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh. London, 1956, p. 27, no. 11, pl. 2.

Hilton Kramer. "Modern Art at the Turn of the Century." The Turn of the Century. New York, 1957, ill. p. 48, as "View from the Hotel Mistral, L’Estaque".

John Golding. "The History of Cubism, 1907–1914." PhD diss., Courtauld Institute of Art, London, 1958, pp. 87, 91, as "View of the Hotel Mistral".

John Richardson. Georges Braque. Harmondsworth, Middlesex, 1959, p. 6.

John Golding. Cubism: A History and an Analysis, 1907–1914. New York, 1959, pp. 9, 63, 66, pl. 24A, as "View from the Hotel Mistral".

Triumph der Farbe: Die europäischen Fauves. Exh. cat., Shaffhausen Museum zu Allerheigen. Berlin, 1959, unpaginated, under no. 61.

John Richardson. G. Braque. Milan, 1960, p. 11, unpaginated (list of plates), pl. IV, as "Vue de l’hôtel Mistral, L’Estaque".

John Richardson. G. Braque. Greenwich, Conn., 1961, p. 11, unpaginated (list of plates), pl. 4, as "Vue de l’hôtel Mistral, L’Estaque".

Jean Leymarie. Braque. Geneva, 1961, pp. 24–25, 131, ill. p. 23, as "View from the Hôtel Mistral, L’Estaque" (French ed., pp. 24–25, 131, ill. p. 23 as "L'Estaque. Vue depuis l'Hôtel Mistral").

John Richardson, ed. Georges Braque, 1882-1963: An American Tribute. Fauvism and Cubism. Exh. cat., Saidenberg Gallery. New York, 1964, unpaginated, no. 10, ill. (color).

Stanislas Fumet. Georges Braque. Paris, 1965, p. 219, ill. p. 23, as "La Terrasse a L'Estaque".

John Golding. Cubism: A History and an Analysis, 1907–1914. 2nd ed. Boston, 1968, pp. 58, 61, pl. 36A, as "View from the Hotel Mistral, L’Estaque".

Edwin Mullins. The Art of Georges Braque. New York, 1968, pp. 28, 30, 207, ill. no. 15, as "View from the Hôtel Mistral, L’Estaque".

Paul Waldo Schwartz. Cubism. New York, 1971, pp. 35, 207, ill. no. 19, as "View from the Hotel Mistral, L’Estaque".

Marco Valsecchi and Massimo Carrà. L'opera completa di Braque dalla scomposizione cubista al recupero dell'oggetto, 1908–1929. Milan, 1971, p. 86, no. 20, ill., as "Veduta dell’Estaque dall’hôtel Mistral (Terrazza all’Estaque)".

Francis Ponge, Pierre Descargues, and André Malraux. G. Braque. New York, 1971, p. 91, ill. p. 90, as "View from the Hotel Mistral, L’Estaque".

Pierre Descargues and Massimo Carrà. Tout l'oeuvre peint de Braque, 1908–1929. Paris, 1973, p. 86, no. 20, ill., as "Terrasse à L’Estaque".

Marcel Giry. "Le Style géométrique dans la peinture vers 1907. Contribution au problème du fauvisme comme source du cubisme." Le Cubisme. Actes du premier colloque d'Histoire de l'Art Contemporain tenu au Musée d’Art et d'Industrie, Saint-Étienne, les 19, 20, 21 novembre 1971, et organisé par le Centre de Documentation et d'Études d'Histoire de l'Art Contemporain. Saint-Etienne, 1973, p. 31.

Donald E. Gordon. Modern Art Exhibitions, 1900–1916: Selected Catalogue Documentation. Vol. 2, Munich, 1974, pp. 285 , 504.

John Elderfield. The "Wild Beasts": Fauvism and Its Affinities. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art. New York, 1976, pp. 9, 124, 158–59 nn. 108, 109, ill. p. 123, as "View from the Hôtel Mistral, L’Estaque".

William Rubin in Cézanne: The Late Work. Ed. William Rubin. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art. New York, 1977, pp. 159–61, 166, 170, 172, ill. p. 161.

Alvin R. Martin. "Georges Braque: Stylistic Formation and Transition, 1900–1909." PhD diss., Harvard University, 1979, pp. 141–45, 149–56, 321, pl. 101, as "Terrace".

Malcolm Gee. Dealers, Critics, and Collectors of Modern Painting: Aspects of the Parisian Art Market Between 1910 and 1930. PhD diss., Courtauld Institute of Art. New York, 1981, appendix F, p. 57, no. 121, as "La Terrasse—L’Estaque".

Alvin R. Martin. "The Moment of Change: A Braque Landscape in the Minneapolis Museum of Arts." Minneapolis Institute of Arts Bulletin 65 (1981–82), pp. 84, 86, fig. 5.

Pierre Daix. Cubists and Cubism. Geneva, 1982, p. 161, ill. p. 39.

Marcel Giry. Fauvism: Origins and Development. New York, 1982, pp. 240, 242, as "L'Estaque Seen from the Mistral Hotel".

Nicole Worms de Romilly and Jean Laude. [Catalogue de l'œuvre de Georges Braque]. Vol. [1], Le Cubisme, fin 1907–1914. [Paris], 1982, p. 29, ill. p. 28.

Marianne L. Teuber in Kubismus: Künstler, Themen, Werke, 1907–1920. Exh. cat., Josef-Haubrich-Kunsthalle. Cologne, 1982, p. 38, fig. 31.

Georges Braque, 1882–1963. Exh. cat., Museu Picasso. Barcelona, 1986, ill. p. 96.

Ron Manheim. "Expressionismus - Zur Entstehung eines kunsthistorischen Stil- und Periodenbegriffes." Zeitschrift für Kuntsgeschichte 49, no. 1 (1986), p. 79 n. 36.

Serge Fauchereau. Braque. New York, 1987, pp. 9-10, 12, 126, no. 9, ill., as "View of L'Estraque from the Hotel Mistral".

Sigrun Loos. "Das Feuer der Begeisterung genügt mir." Georges Braque, Das Druckgraphische Werk. Ed. et al. Graz, 1987, p. 13, as "Terrasse in L'Estaque, vom Hotel Mistral aus".

Bernard Zurcher. Georges Braque: Life and Work. New York, 1988, pp. 25, 29, 32, 33 (French ed., pp. 21, 28, 32).

John Golding. Cubism: A History and an Analysis 1907–1914. 3rd rev. ed. (1st ed., 1959; 2nd ed. 1968). Cambridge, Mass., 1988, pp. 58, 61, 221, pl. 36A, as "View from the Hotel Mistral".

William Rubin, ed. Picasso and Braque: Pioneering Cubism. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art. New York, 1989, ill. p. 78 (German ed., 1990, fig. 7; French ed., 1990, and Spanish ed., 1991, ill. p. 72).

Judith Cousins in Picasso and Braque: Pioneering Cubism. Ed. William Rubin. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art. New York, 1989, pp. 347–48 (German ed., 1990, p. 340; French ed., 1990, and Spanish ed., 1991, p. 339).

Alvin Martin and Judi Freeman in Judi Freeman. The Fauve Landscape. Exh. cat., Los Angeles County Museum of Art. New York, 1990, p. 235, pl. 253.

Pepe Karmel. "Appendix 2: Notes on the Dating of Works." Picasso and Braque: A Symposium. Ed. Lynn Zelevansky. New York, 1992, p. 323.

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Xavier Prati in L'Estaque: Naissance du paysage moderne, 1870–1910. Exh. cat., Musée Cantini. Marseille and Paris, 1994, p. 148, ill. no. 139.

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Véronique Serrano in L'Estaque: Naissance du paysage moderne, 1870–1910. Exh. cat., Musée Cantini. Marseille and Paris, 1994, p. 233.

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Claudine Grammont in Georges Braque, 1882–1963. Ed. Brigitte Leal, Gary Tinterow, and Alison de Lima Greene. Exh. cat., Grand Palais, Galeries nationales. Paris, 2013, p. 23, fig. 3.

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"Objects Promised to the Museum during the Year 2012–2013." The Metropolitan Museum of Art, One Hundred Forty-third Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year July 1, 2012, through June 30, 2013 (2013), p. 45, as "Terrace at the Hotel Mistral, l’Estaque (Terrasse de l’Hotel Mistral, l’Estaque)".

Jack Flam in Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection. Ed. Emily Braun and Rebecca Rabinow. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2014, pp. 22, 25, 302(1)n.6, no. 1, ill. p. 23 (color).

Anna Jozefacka and Luise Mahler in Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection. Ed. Emily Braun and Rebecca Rabinow. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2014, pp. 242–43, fig. 1 (installation photo, Exh. New York 1989–90).

Claudine Grammont in Georges Braque: 1882-1963. Exh. cat., Museo Guggenheim Bilboa. Madrid, 2014, pp. 20, 23, fig. 3 (color).