Exhibitions/ Art Object

Portrait of Mme Cézanne after Cézanne

Artist:
Juan Gris (Spanish, Madrid 1887–1927 Boulogne-sur-Seine)
Date:
Beaulieu (present-day Beaulieu-les-Loches), 1916
Medium:
Graphite on off-white wove paper (recto and verso)
Dimensions:
8 1/4 × 6 1/2 in. (21 × 16.5 cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
Leonard A. Lauder Cubist Collection, Gift of Leonard A. Lauder, 2016
Accession Number:
2016.237.27
Not on view
Gris based this image on a postcard reproduction of Paul Cézanne’s portrait of his wife Hortense Fiquet. (The actual canvas, which Gris never saw, is owned by the Art Institute of Chicago.) During World War I, Cézanne’s art was touted as a continuation of France’s grand artistic tradition, and he was credited for emphasizing the permanence and stability of geometric forms. In defining his new style of Synthetic Cubism, Gris claimed that “Cézanne turns a bottle into a cylinder, but I begin with a cylinder and create an individual [object] of a specific type: I make a bottle—a particular bottle—out of a cylinder.”
Inscription: (verso, center and lower half): caricatures
[Galerie Louise Leiris, Paris, in 1965]; private collection, Paris (until 1993; sold in May 1993 to Lauder); Leonard A. Lauder, New York (1993–13; transferred on April 8, 2013 to the Leonard A. Lauder Cubist Trust); The Leonard A. Lauder Cubist Trust, New York (2013–16; gift to MMA)

Paris. Galerie Louise Leiris. "Juan Gris: Dessins et gouaches, 1910–1927," June 17–July 17, 1965, no. 22 (as "Portrait après Cézanne").

Paris. Orangerie des Tuileries. "Juan Gris," March 14–July 1, 1974, no. 131.

New York. Pierpont Morgan Library. "New York Collects: Drawings and Watercolors, 1900–1950," May 20–August 29, 1999, no. 27.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection," October 20, 2014–February 16, 2015, no. 31.

Juan Gris: Dessins et gouaches, 1910–1927. Exh. cat., Galerie Louise Leiris. Paris, 1965, unpaginated (checklist), no. 22, ill. p. 29.

Juan Gris. Exh. cat., Orangerie des Tuileries. Paris, 1974, p. 120, no. 131, ill.

Juan Antonio Gaya-Nuño. Juan Gris. Barcelona, 1974, p. 241, no. 96, ill. p. 80, as "Retrato".

Juan Antonio Gaya-Nuño. Juan Gris. Boston, 1975, p. 245, no. 96, ill. p. 80, as "Portrait".

Christopher Green. Léger and the Avant-Garde. New Haven, 1976, p. 127, pl. 77.

Douglas Cooper with Margaret Potter. Juan Gris: Catalogue raisonné de l'oeuvre peint. Paris, 1977, vol. 2, p. 28, no. 257b, ill. p. 29, as "Madame Cézanne," 1918.

Christopher Green in Fernand Léger, 1881–1955. Exh. cat., Staatliche Kunsthalle Berlin. Berlin, 1980, ill. p. 128.

Juan Antonio Gaya-Nuño. Juan Gris. Barcelona, 1985, p. 127, fig. 74.

Christopher Green in Juan Gris (1887–1927). Ed. Gary Tinterow. Exh. cat., Salas Pablo Ruiz Picasso. Madrid, 1985, p. 101, fig. 11, as "Madame Cézanne," 1917–18.

Marilyn McCully in New York Collects: Drawings and Watercolors, 1900–1950. Exh. cat., Pierpont Morgan Library. New York, 1999, p. 84, no. 27, ill. p. 85.

"Objects Promised to the Museum during the Year 2012–2013." The Metropolitan Museum of Art, One Hundred Forty-third Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year July 1, 2012, through June 30, 2013 (2013), p. 46, as "Portrait of Madame Cézanne (Portrait de Madame Cézanne)".

Douglas Cooper, with Margaret Potter, updated by Alan Hyman, and Elizabeth Snowden. Juan Gris: Catalogue raisonné de l’oeuvre peint/ Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings. 2nd ed. (1st ed., 1977). San Francisco, 2014, vol. 2, p. 444, no. 257b, ill., as "Madame Cézanne/Madame Cézanne Seated: After Paul Cézanne," 1918.

Emily Braun and Rebecca Rabinow in Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection. Ed. Emily Braun and Rebecca Rabinow. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2014, p. 231, fig. 101 (verso, drawing).

Kenneth E. Silver in Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection. Ed. Emily Braun and Rebecca Rabinow. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2014, pp. 196–99, 201, no. 31, ill. p. 198 (color).

Anna Jozefacka and Luise Mahler in Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection. Ed. Emily Braun and Rebecca Rabinow. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2014, p. 266.

Dita Amory in Dita Amory. Madame Cézanne. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2014, p. 171, n. 39.

Dita Amory and Kathryn Kremnitzer in Dita Amory. Madame Cézanne. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2014, pp. 165, 167, 185, n. 14, fig. 78.



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