Exhibitions/ Art Object

Head of a Woman (Fernande)

Artist:
Pablo Picasso (Spanish, Malaga 1881–1973 Mougins, France)
Date:
Plaster model: Paris, autumn 1909; Bronze cast: Foundry Désiré or Florentin Godard, Paris, made to order for Ambroise Vollard between July 27, 1926, and March 11, 1927
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
16 1/4 × 9 3/4 × 10 1/2 in. (41.3 × 24.8 × 26.7 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture
Credit Line:
Promised Gift from the Leonard A. Lauder Cubist Collection
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2017 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Not on view
The features of Fernande Olivier, Picasso’s companion from 1905 to 1912, provided the basis for this sculpture, which is directly related to the rendering of the head in Nude in an Armchair. Here, Picasso introduced the Cubist style into three-dimensional art, translating the faceted forms into grooves and swells. The torque of the neck counters the downward tilt of the head, on which one eye appears to be shut and the other open, as if in contrary states of slumber and wakefulness.
Inscription: Signed (back of neck near bottom): Picasso
the artist, Paris (1909–10; plaster model sold in 1910 to Vollard); [Ambroise Vollard, Paris, 1910–26; sold on July 27, 1926 for Fr 8,000, to Weyhe]; [Weyhe Gallery, New York, 1926–early 1950s; sold in the early 1950s to Hines]; Mrs. Ralph J. Hines (née Mary Elizabeth Borden later Mary Elizabeth Borden Pirie), New York (early 1950s–d. 1961); her son, Robert Pirie, Hamilton, Massachusetts (1961–84; sold in September 1984 to Lauder); Leonard A. Lauder, New York (from 1984)

New York. Museum of Modern Art. "Cubism and Abstract Art," March 2–April 19, 1936, no. 212 (as "Head").

New York. Museum of Modern Art. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," November 15, 1939–January 7, 1940, no. 83 (as "Woman’s Head," 1909?).

Art Institute of Chicago. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," February 1–March 5, 1940, no. 83.

City Art Museum of Saint Louis. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," March 16–April 14, 1940, no. 83.

Boston. Museum of Fine Arts. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," April 26–May 25, 1940, no. 83.

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," June 25–July 22, 1940, no. 83.

Cincinnati Art Museum. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," September 29–October 27, no. 83.

Cleveland Museum of Art. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," November 7–December 8, 1940, no. 83.

New Orleans. Isaac Delgado Museum of Art. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," December 20, 1940–January 17, 1941, no. 83.

Minneapolis Institute of Arts. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," February 1–March 2, 1941, no. 83.

Pittsburgh. Carnegie Museum of Art. "Picasso: Forty Years of His Art," March 15–April 13, 1941, no. 83.

New York. Whitney Museum of American Art. "Picasso and American Art," September 28, 2006–February 4, 2007, unnumbered cat. (pl. 12; as "Head of Fernande").

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. "Picasso and American Art," February 25–May 28, 2007, unnumbered cat.

Minneapolis. Walker Art Center. "Picasso and American Art," June 17–September 7, 2007, unnumbered cat.

New York. Mnuchin Gallery. "Casting Modernity: Bronze in the XXth Century," April 24–June 7, 2014, no. 30.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection," October 20, 2014–February 16, 2015, no. 61.

Weyhe Gallery. Fine Prints. Catalogue 74. December 1935. New York, 1935, p. 11, as "Head," price listed as $1,000.

Alfred H. Barr Jr. in Cubism and Abstract Art. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art. New York, 1936, pp. 103–4, 220, no. 212, ill. p. 105, fig. 90.

Weyhe Gallery. Fine Prints. Catalogue 77. December 1936. New York, 1936, p. 17, no. 580, price listed as $1,000.

Alfred H. Barr, Jr. Picasso: Forty Years of His Art. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art. New York, 1939, p. 68, no. 83, ill.

Christian Zervos. Pablo Picasso. Vol. 2b, Works from 1912 to 1917. Paris, 1942, unpaginated, (list of plates) no. 573, pl. 266, as "Tête".

Werner Spies. Sculpture by Picasso, with a Catalogue of the Works. New York, 1971, pp. 18, 24, 26–28, 48, 51, 55, 98, 302, no. 24, ill. pp. 42–43 (not specific to this cast).

Franco Russoli and Fiorella Minervino. L'opera completa di Picasso cubista. Milan, 1972, p. 102, no. 296, ill. p. 101 (not specific to this cast).

Françoise Cachin and Fiorella Minervino. Tout l'oeuvre peint de Picasso, 1907–1916. Paris, 1977, pp. 102–3, no. 296, ill. p. 101 (not specific to this cast) .

Werner Spies with Christine Piot. Pablo Picasso: Das Plastische Werk: Werkverzeichnis der Skulpturen. Exh. cat., Nationalgalerie Berlin. Stuttgart, 1983, pp. 47–54, 327, 373, no. 24, II, ill. pp. 48–49, 327 (not specific to this cast).

Werner Spies with Christine Piot. Picasso: The Sculptures. Exh. cat., Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris. Ostfildern-Ruit, 2000, pp. 57–67, 395, no. 24, II, ill. (not specific to this cast).

Valerie J. Fletcher in Picasso: The Cubist Portraits of Fernande Olivier. Exh. cat., National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C. and Princeton, 2003, pp. 184–85.

Michael FitzGerald. Picasso and American Art. Exh. cat., Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, 2006, pp. 36, 386, pl. 12.

Diana Widmaier Picasso in Cézanne to Picasso: Ambroise Vollard, Patron of the Avant-Garde. Ed. Rebecca A. Rabinow. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2006, p. 187 n. 35, as "Head of Fernande".

Carol Vogel. "Billion-Dollar Cubist Gift to the Met." International Herald Tribune (April 11, 2013), p. 12.

Carol Vogel. "$1 Billion Gift Gives Met a New Perspective (Cubist)." New York Times (April 10, 2013), p. A18.

"Objects Promised to the Museum during the Year 2012–2013." The Metropolitan Museum of Art, One Hundred Forty-third Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year July 1, 2012, through June 30, 2013 (2013), p. 46.

Casting Modernity: Bronze in the XXth Century. Exh. cat., Mnuchin Gallery. New York, 2014, pp. 114, 141, no. 30, ill. p. 115.

David Ekserdjian in Casting Modernity: Bronze in the XXth Century. Exh. cat., Mnuchin Gallery. New York, 2014, p. 9.

Emily Braun and Rebecca Rabinow in Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection. Ed. Emily Braun and Rebecca Rabinow. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2014, p. 234.

Andrea Bayer in Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection. Ed. Emily Braun and Rebecca Rabinow. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2014, pp. 48, 55–57, no. 61, ill. p. 56 (color).

Anna Jozefacka and Luise Mahler in Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection. Ed. Emily Braun and Rebecca Rabinow. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2014, pp. 284–85, fig. 61 (installation photo, Exh. New York 1939–40).

Emily Braun and Leonard A. Lauder in Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection. Ed. Emily Braun and Rebecca Rabinow. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2014, p. 9.

Alan Hyman, ed. The Picasso Project: Picasso's Paintings, Watercolors, Drawings, and Sculpture, A Comprehensive Illustrated Catalogue, 1885–1973., Analytic Cubism, 1909–1912. San Francisco, 2015, pp. xxiv, xxxviii [another cast], 95 and 323, no. 1909-214, ill. b/w p. 95.

"The Leonard A. Lauder Cubist Collection: A Conversation with Emily Braun and Pepe Karmel." IFAR Journal 16, no. 3 (2015), p. 40, fig. 13 (color).

Elizabeth Cowling in Picasso Portraits. Ed. Elizabeth Cowling. Exh. cat., National Portrait Gallery, London. London, 2016, pp. 91, 238, no. 77, ill. p. 92 (color).

Charlotte Klonk. "Non-European Artifacts and the Art Interior of the Late 1920s and Early 1930s." Interiors and Interiority. Ed. Ewa Lajer-Burcharth and Beate Söntgen. Berlin, 2016, ill. p. 214, fig. 3 (as installed in the exhibition "Cubism and Abstract Art," the Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1936).