Exhibitions/ Art Object

Student with a Newspaper

Artist:
Pablo Picasso (Spanish, Malaga 1881–1973 Mougins, France)
Date:
Paris, late 1913–early 1914
Medium:
Plaster, oil, Conté crayon, and sand on canvas
Dimensions:
28 3/4 × 23 1/2 in. (73 × 59.7 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Promised Gift from the Leonard A. Lauder Cubist Collection
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2018 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Not on view
The college student, identifiable by his beret, reads a newspaper and clutches the dotted form of a bottle in the crook of his arm. The face—a dark triangle with white oval eyes, arched eyebrows, a curved mustache, and a toothy grin—was inspired by a Wobe mask from West Africa. Picasso reveled in the work’s multiple textures. The grit of the sand mixed into some of the paint catches the light, an effect repeated by the colorful dots that animate the surface. Students showed up en masse for the annual Carnival celebrations, which involved copious amounts of paper confetti. The spray of red dots on this student’s face hints at his inebriation, an interpretation supported by the inclusion of a bottle of alcohol and by the shortening of the newspaper masthead to “UR[I]NAL.”
Inscription: Signed (verso): PICASSO
[Galerie Kahnweiler, Paris, 1914; photo no. 363; sequestered Kahnweiler stock, December 12, 1914–21; second Kahnweiler sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, November 17–18, 1921, no. 204, as "Nature morte," sold for Fr 1,250, to Amédée Ozenfant, probably for La Roche]; Raoul La Roche, Paris (probably by 1921–62; gift in 1962 to Speiser); his nephew, Andreas Leonard Speiser, Basel and Melide, Switzerland (1962–d. 1999); his heirs, Switzerland (1999–2002; sold in June 2002 to Lauder); Leonard A. Lauder, New York (from 2002)

Kunsthaus Zürich. "Picasso Retrospective, 1901–1931," September 11–October 30, 1932, extended to November 13, 1932, no. 76 (as "Stilleben mit Zeitung," 1913).

Kunsthalle Basel. "Juan Gris, Georges Braque, Pablo Picasso," February 26–March 24, 1948, no. 100 (as winter 1913).

Musée de Lyon. "Picasso," June 1953, no. 34 (as "L’étudiant," 1914).

Milan. Palazzo Reale. "Pablo Picasso," September 23–December 31, 1953, no. 34 (as "Lo studente," 1914).

Paris. Musée des Arts Décoratifs. "Picasso: Peintures, 1900–1955," June 6–October 15, 1955, no. 41.

Munich. Haus der Kunst. "Picasso, 1900–1955," October 25–December 18, 1955, no. 35.

Cologne. Rheinisches Museum Köln-Deutz. "Picasso, 1900–1955," December 30, 1955–February 29, 1956, no. 35.

Hamburg. Kunsthalle-Altbau. "Picasso, 1900–1955," March 10–April 29, 1956, no. 35.

Paris. Musée National d'Art Moderne. "Les sources du XXe siècle: Les arts en Europe de 1884 à 1914," November 4, 1960–January 23, 1961, no. 562.

Basel. Galerie Beyeler. "Le Cubisme: Braque, Gris, Léger, Picasso," May–July 1962, no. 7.

Paris. Galerie Knoedler. "Le Cubisme: Picasso, Braque, Gris, Léger," October 9–November 10, 1962, no. 6.

Basel. Galerie Beyeler. "Picasso," November 26, 1966–January 31, 1967, no. 21.

Kunstmuseum Basel. "Picasso: Aus dem Museum of Modern Art, New York und Schweizer Sammlungen," June 15–September 12, 1976, no. 30.

New York. Museum of Modern Art. "Pablo Picasso: A Retrospective," May 22–September 16, 1980, unnumbered cat. (p. 174; as late 1913).

Basel. Galerie Beyeler. "Picasso, 1881–1981: A Centennial Collection," April–July 1981, no. 15 (as 1913).

London. Tate Gallery. "The Essential Cubism, 1907–1920: Braque, Picasso & their friends," April 27–July 10, 1983, extended to July 31, 1983, no. 141 (as Céret or Paris, summer 1913).

New York. Museum of Modern Art. "Picasso and Braque: Pioneering Cubism," September 24, 1989–January 16, 1990, unnumbered cat. (p. 302).

Kunstmuseum Basel. "Picasso and Braque: Pioneering Cubism," February 25–June 4, 1990, unnumbered cat. (fig. 369).

Kunstmuseum Basel. "Ein Haus für den Kubismus: Die Sammlung Raoul La Roche; Picasso, Braque, Léger, Gris—Le Corbusier und Ozenfant," July 8–October 11, 1998, no. 92.

New York. PaceWildenstein. "Picasso, Braque and Early Film in Cubism," April 20–June 23, 2007, unnumbered cat. (p. 187).

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection," October 20, 2014–February 16, 2015, no. 73.

Bernard Bouttet de Monval. "Èchos de l'Hôtel Drouot. Liste Complète des prix atteints à la deuxième vente Kahnweiler." L'Esprit Nouveau : Revue internationale illustrée de l'activité contemporaine 15 (1921), p. 1828, as "Nature morte".

Pierre Reverdy. Pablo Picasso. Paris, 1924, ill. p. 51, as "Etudiant," 1914.

Le Corbusier. "Deux Hôtels à Auteuil." Almanach d'architecture moderne, documents, théorie, pronostics, histoire, petites histoires, dates, propos standarts, apologie et idéalisation du standart organisation, industrialisation du bâtiment, 172 clichés, 200 page. Paris, 1925-26, ill. p. 51 (on display in the residence of Raoul La Roche, Paris, by 1926).

Exposition Picasso. Exh. cat., Galerie Georges Petit. Paris, 1932, (German ed., p. 6, no. 76).

Christian Zervos. Pablo Picasso. Vol. 2b, Works from 1912 to 1917. Paris, 1942, unpaginated, (list of plates; erroneously as pl. 207), no. 443, pl. 208, as winter 1913.

Juan Gris, Georges Braque, Pablo Picasso. Exh. cat., Kunsthalle Basel. Basel, 1948, p. 21, no. 100.

Madeleine Rocher-Jauneau, ed. Picasso. Exh. cat., Musée de Lyon. Lyon, 1953, unpaginated, no. 34.

Franco Russoli. Pablo Picasso. Exh. cat., Palazzo Reale. Milan, 1953, unpaginated, no. 34, ill.

Maurice Jardot. Picasso: Peintures, 1900–1955. Exh. cat., Musée des Arts Décoratifs. Paris, 1955, unpaginated, no. 41, ill. (1st ed., no. 39).

Maurice Jardot. Picasso: 1900–1955. Exh. cat., Haus der Kunst München. Munich, 1955, unpaginated, no. 35, ill.

Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler. Der Weg zum Kubismus. Stuttgart, 1958, pp. 86, 128, ill. p. 76, as "Der Student".

Les sources du XXᵉ siècle: Les arts en Europe de 1884 à 1914. Exh. cat., Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou. Paris, 1960, p. 188, no. 562, ill.

Le Cubisme: Braque, Gris, Léger, Picasso. Exh. cat., Galerie Beyeler. Basel, 1962, unpaginated (checklist), no. 7, ill.

Le Cubisme: Picasso, Braque, Gris, Léger. Exh. cat., Galerie Knoedler. Paris, 1962, unpaginated (checklist), no. 6, ill.

Robert Rosenblum. Cubism and Twentieth-Century Art. Rev. ed. (1st ed., 1960). New York, 1966, pp. 94, 96, 319, ill. no. 46.

Picasso. Exh. cat., Galerie Beyeler. Basel, 1966, unpaginated (checklist), no. 21, ill.

Roland Penrose. Picasso. Basel, 1968, p. 150, no. 22, ill. p. 47.

William Rubin, ed. Picasso in the Collection of The Museum of Modern Art, including Remainder-Interest and Promised Gifts. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art. New York, 1972, p. 212, fig. 58.

Franco Russoli and Fiorella Minervino. L'opera completa di Picasso cubista. Milan, 1972, p. 118, no. 647, ill.

Roland Penrose and John Golding, ed. Picasso in Retrospect. New York, 1973, p. 275, ill. no. 71.

Robert Rosenblum. "Picasso and the Typography of Cubism." Picasso in Retrospect. Ed. Roland Penrose and John Golding. New York, 1973, p. 52, ill. no. 71.

Winthrop Judkins. Fluctuant Representation in Synthetic Cubism: Picasso, Braque, Gris, 1910–1920. PhD diss., Harvard University. New York, 1976, pp. 146, 251, no. Z-P 12-17, pl. 443, ill. p. 361.

Robert Rosenblum. Cubism and Twentieth Century Art. Rev. ed. New York, 1976, pp. 90–91, 341, ill. no. 46.

Franz Meyer in Picasso: Aus dem Museum of Modern Art, New York, und Schweizer Sammlungen. Exh. cat., Kunstmuseum Basel. Basel, 1976, p. 66, no. 30, ill. p. 67.

Françoise Cachin and Fiorella Minervino. Tout l'oeuvre peint de Picasso, 1907–1916. Paris, 1977, p. 118, no. 647, ill.

Pierre Daix and Joan Rosselet. Picasso, The Cubist Years, 1907–1916: A Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings and Related Works. Boston, 1979, pp. 138, 308, no. 621, ill., as 1913.

Robert Rosenblum. "Picasso and the Typography of Cubism." Picasso in Retrospect. Ed. John Golding and Roland Penrose. New York, 1980, p. 35.

William Rubin, ed. Pablo Picasso: A Retrospective. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art. New York, 1980, p. 153, ill. p. 174.

Malcolm Gee. Dealers, Critics, and Collectors of Modern Painting: Aspects of the Parisian Art Market Between 1910 and 1930. PhD diss., Courtauld Institute of Art. New York, 1981, appendix F, p. 44, no. 101, as "Nature morte".

Picasso, 1881–1981: A Centennial Selection. Exh. cat., Galerie Beyeler. Basel, 1981, p. 114, no. 15, ill. p. 46.

Pierre Daix. Cubists and Cubism. Geneva, 1982, p. 107.

Douglas Cooper and Gary Tinterow. The Essential Cubism: Braque, Picasso & their friends, 1907–1920. Exh. cat., Tate Gallery. London, 1983, p. 292, no. 141, ill. p. 293.

Pierre Daix. Picasso créateur: La Vie intime et l'oeuvre. Paris, 1987, p. 143.

William Rubin, ed. Picasso and Braque: Pioneering Cubism. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art. New York, 1989, ill. p. 302 (German ed., 1990, fig. 369; French ed., 1990, and Spanish ed., 1991, ill. p. 296).

Josep Palau i Fabre. Picasso: Cubism, 1907–1917. New York, 1990, pp. 354, 514, no. 1019, ill. p. 355.

Kirk Varnedoe in Kirk Varnedoe and Adam Gopnik. High and Low: Modern Art, Popular Culture. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art. New York, 1990, p. 37, fig. 31.

Pierre Daix in Picassos Surrealismus: Werke, 1925–1937. Ed. Ulrich Weisner. Exh. cat., Kunsthalle Bielefeld. Bielefeld, Bonn, and Stuttgart, 1991, pp. 196–97.

Sylvie Coëllier. "Picasso: pointillisme et cubisme." Revue de l'Art no. 92 (1991), pp. 64, 66-67, 70, fig. 2.

Pepe Karmel. "Appendix 2: Notes on the Dating of Works." Picasso and Braque: A Symposium. Ed. Lynn Zelevansky. New York, 1992, p. 337, as (March) 1914.

Pierre Cabanne. Le siècle de Picasso. Vol. 2, L'époque des métamorphoses (1912–1937). Rev. ed. Paris, 1992, pp. 427–28.

Joseph Low (Pepe) Karmel. "Picasso's Laboratory: The Role of his Drawings in the Development of Cubism, 1910–14." PhD diss., Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, 1993, pp. 279, 292–94, 296, 432–33, fig. 246, as spring 1914.

Christian Geelhaar. Picasso: Wegbereiter und Förderer seines Aufstiegs, 1899–1939. Zürich, 1993, p. 123, fig. 116, and ill. p. 191 (installed in the exhibition “Picasso,” Kunsthaus Zürich, 1932), as 1913.

Pierre Daix. Picasso: Life and Art. New York, 1993, p. 135.

John Richardson with the collaboration of Marilyn McCully. A Life of Picasso. Vol. 2, 1907–1917. New York, 1996, ill. p. 291, as 1913.

Katharina Schmidt and Hartwig Fischer, ed. Ein Haus für den Kubismus: Die Sammlung Raoul La Roche; Picasso, Braque, Léger, Gris—Le Corbusier und Ozenfant. Exh. cat., Kunstmuseum Basel. Ostfildern-Ruit, 1998, p. 303, no. 32, p. 313, no. 152, ill. p. 18, ill. no. 19, ill. p. 36 (color, on display in the residence of Raoul La Roche, Paris, by 1926).

Pierre Daix in Ein Haus für den Kubismus: Die Sammlung Raoul La Roche; Picasso, Braque, Léger, Gris–Le Corbusier und Ozenfant. Ed. Katharina Schmidt and Hartwig Fischer. Exh. cat., Kunstmuseum Basel. Ostfildern-Ruit, 1998, p. 30.

Franz Meyer in Ein Haus für den Kubismus–Die Sammlung Raoul La Roche: Picasso, Braque, Léger, Gris–Le Corbusier und Ozenfant. Ed. Katharina Schmidt and Hartwig Fischer. Exh. cat., Kunstmuseum Basel. Ostfildern-Ruit, 1998, pp. 49–51.

Brigitte Leal, Christine Piot, and Marie-Laure Bernadac. The Ultimate Picasso. New York, 2000, pp. 162, 172, 510, fig. 363.

Bernice B. Rose, ed. Picasso, Braque, and Early Film in Cubism. Exh. cat., PaceWildenstein. New York, 2007, pp. 128, 187, ill. p. 130.

Tobia Bezzola. Picasso by Picasso: His First Museum Exhibition, 1932. Exh. cat., Kunsthaus Zürich. Munich, 2010, pp. 200, 222, Zürich no. 76, ill. pp. 21 (installed in the exhibition “Picasso,” Kunsthaus Zürich, 1932), 222.

Vicenzo Tiziano Aglieri Rinella. "From Cubism to Purism: Art and Dwelling in Le Corbusier’s La Roche House-Gallery." Do.co.mo.mo_Mexico City 2010 11th International Docomomo Conference: Living in the Urban Modernity: Mexico City, August 24-27, 2010. 2010, ill. no. 2 (on display in the residence of Raoul La Roche, Paris, by 1926).

T. J. Clark. Picasso and Truth: From Cubism to Guernica. Princeton, 2013, fig. 2.36 (on display in the residence of Raoul La Roche, Paris, by 1926).

"Objects Promised to the Museum during the Year 2012–2013." The Metropolitan Museum of Art, One Hundred Forty-third Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year July 1, 2012, through June 30, 2013 (2013), p. 47, as "Student Reading a Newspaper".

Elizabeth Cowling. "'Student with a Pipe'." Picasso: The Making of Cubism, 1912–1914. Ed. Anne Umland, Blair Hartzell, and Scott Gerson. New York, 2014, pp. 14.4–14.5, fig. 12.

Emily Braun and Rebecca Rabinow in Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection. Ed. Emily Braun and Rebecca Rabinow. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2014, p. 233.

Rebecca Rabinow in Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection. Ed. Emily Braun and Rebecca Rabinow. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2014, pp. 159–61, 163, 314(3)n.19, no. 73, ill. p. 160 (color).

Anna Jozefacka and Luise Mahler in Cubism: The Leonard A. Lauder Collection. Ed. Emily Braun and Rebecca Rabinow. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2014, pp. 296–97, fig. 73 (on display in the residence of Raoul La Roche, Paris, by 1926).

"The Leonard A. Lauder Cubist Collection: A Conversation with Emily Braun and Pepe Karmel." IFAR Journal 16, no. 3 (2015), p. 48, figs. 2 (color, on display in the living room of the Lauder residence, New York, 2014), 26A (color), and 26B (on display in the residence of Raoul La Roche, Paris, by 1926).

Patricia Leighten in Picasso and Rivera: Conversations Across Time. Exh. cat., Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Los Angeles, 2016, p. 142.

Lilly Casillas and Diana Magaloni in Picasso and Rivera: Conversations Across Time. Exh. cat., Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Los Angeles, 2016, pp. 140-41, ill. (color).

Michael Govan and Diana Magaloni in Picasso and Rivera: Conversations Across Time. Exh. cat., Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Los Angeles, 2016, p. 295.