Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Index Classification: Material and Technique

Gold from West Asia

Metalwork, Gold, West Asia

Works of Art (51)

Allegory of Worldly and Otherworldly Drunkenness: Folio from the Divan (Collected Poems) of Hafiz, Safavid period (1501–1722), ca. 1531–33, Sultan Muhammad (Iranian, active first half of 16th century), Iran, Tabriz, Opaque watercolor, ink, and gold on paper (1988.430)
Armlet, Ghaznavid period (977–1186), first half of 11th century, Iran, Gurgan, Gold, filigree and granulation (57.88a–c)
Belt or harness ornament with an eagle and its prey, 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D.; Parthian period, Iran, Gold inlaid with turquoise (17.190.2055)
Binding: From a manuscript of the Mantiq al-Tayr (The Language of the Birds) of Farid al-Din cAttar, ca. 1600; Safavid, Iran (Isfahan), Tooled and stamped leather on paper, gold, opaque watercolor (63.210.67)
Cameo of the Virgin and Child, ca. 1050–1100, Byzantine (probably Constantinople); mounted in Paris ca. 1800 in a gold frame by Adrien Jean Maximillian Vachette (French), Agate (2007.445)
Cross Pendant, ca. 1080–1130, Byzantine; Made in Constantinople, Gold and enamel worked in cloisonné (1998.542)
Cup with a frieze of gazelles, early 1st millennium B.C., Northwestern Iran, Caspian region, Gold (62.84)
Dinar, 79 A.H./698–99 A.D., Syria, Gold (99.35.2386)
Dress ornaments, 5th century B.C., Scythian; Possibly northern Black Sea region, Gold (24.97.50-.51)
Earring in the form of a three-lobed wineskin, 2nd century B.C.–2nd century A.D.; Parthian period, Mesopotamia, Gold (1995.366)
Earrings, 11th–12th century, Greater Iran, Gold wire and filigree (2006.273a,b)
The Emperor Aurangzeb Carried on a Palanquin, Mughal period (1526–1858), ca. 1705–20, Bhavanidas (Indian, active ca. 1700–1748), India, Opaque watercolor and gold on paper (2003.430)
Enameled gold pendant, 19th century, Iran, Fabricated from sheet and half-round wire, enameled on obverse and reverse (20.106.2)
Fluted bowl, Achaemenid, reign of Darius I or II, 522–486 B.C. or 432–405 B.C., Iran, Gold (54.3.1)
Folio from a Qur'an manuscript in mayil ("leaning") script, late 8th–early 9th century, Central Islamic Lands, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on parchment (1979.201)
Folio from a Qur'an manuscript, 9th century, Central Islamic Lands, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on parchment (62.152.2)
Forehead and poll plate from a shaffron, 15th–18th century, Tibet, Iron, gold, and silver (2008.291)
Four strands of beads, 2500–2400 B.C.; Early Dynastic IIIa period, Excavated at the "Great Death Pit," Ur, Mesopotamia, Gold, lapis lazuli (33.35.48)
Girdle with Coins and Medallions, ca. 583, Byzantine; Found in 1902 at Karavás, Cyprus (reassembled after discovery), Gold (17.190.147,1991.136)
Gold beads from a necklace, 19th–early 20th century, Saudi Arabia, Fabricated from sheet, wire, and swaged wire, decorated with granulation, set with turquoise (1980.306a-e)
Gold stater, ca. 560–546 B.C., Lydian; From Sardis, Gold (26.59.2)
Headdress with leaf-shaped ornaments, 2600–2500 B.C.; Early Dynastic period IIIa; Sumerian style, Excavated at "King's Grave," Ur, Mesopotamia, Gold, lapis lazuli, carnelian (33.35.3)
Helmet with divine figures beneath a bird with outstretched wings, 14th century B.C.; Middle Elamite period, Southwestern Iran, Bronze (63.74)
Jaharis Lectionary, ca. 1100, Byzantine (Constantinople), Tempera, ink, and gold leaf on parchment, leather binding (2007.286)
Jewelry elements, Timurid period (1370–1507), late 14th–16th century, Iran or Central Asia, Gold sheet, worked, chased, and set with turquoise, gray chalcedony, and glass, large medallion (1989.87a–l)
Loom width with floral and tiger-stripe design, 16th century, Turkey, Bursa, Silk, metal-wrapped thread; lampas (kemha); (44.41.3)
Lunate earrings, 2500–2400 B.C.; Early Dynastic IIIa period, Excavated at the "Great Death Pit," Ur, Mesopotamia, Gold (33.35.45,.46)
Monstrous male figure, late 3rd–early 2nd millennium B.C., Eastern Iran/Bactria-Margiana, Chlorite, calcite, gold, iron (2010.166)
Necklace choker, 2500–2400 B.C.; Early Dynastic IIIa period, Excavated at the "Great Death Pit," Ur, Mesopotamia, Gold, lapis lazuli (33.35.47)
Necklace pendants and beads, 17th–16th century B.C.; late Old Babylonian period, Mesopotamia, Gold (47.1b)
Nilgai (blue bull): Leaf from the Shah Jahan Album, Mughal, period of Jahangir (1605–27), ca. 1620, By Mansur, India, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (
Pair of earrings, 11th century, Greater Syria, Gold: fabricated from wire and sheet, decorated with granulation; originally outlined with strung pearls and/or stones (1979.278.2a,b)
Pair of earrings, 2nd–1st century B.C.; Hellenistic, Greek, Gold, beryl, and garnet (74.51.3401-3402)
Pectoral Cross, 6th–7th century, Byzantine (Constantinople?), Gold (2006.569)
Pendant Brooch with Cameo of Enthroned Virgin and Child, cameo 11th–12th century; Rus' mount 12th–14th century, Byzantine (Constantinople), Chalcedony cameo in gold mount with pearls, emeralds, garnets, sapphires, and sardonyx intaglio (2007.9)
Pendant, 11th–12th century, Probably Iran, Gold sheet, wire, granulation, and filigree (2007.340)
Qur'an manuscript, late 9th–early 10th century, Syria or Iraq, Main support: ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on parchment; binding: leather, tooled (37.142)
Revetments from an Icon of the Virgin, ca. 1100, Byzantine; Made in Constantinople, Cloisonné enamel, gold; Halo fragments (17.190.644-.648)
Ring of Leontios, 990–1030, Byzantine, Gold and niello (1982.282)
Saber, 16th century; Ottoman, Turkish, Steel inlaid with gold, precious stones, fishskin (36.25.1297)
Saber, 18th and 19th century, Turkey, Steel, nephrite, gold (36.25.1293)
Seal ring with inscription, Timurid period (1370–1507), late 15th–early 16th century, Iran or Central Asia, Gold, cast and chased, nephrite, carved (12.224.6)
Seated goddess with a child, Hittite Empire, Old Hittite; 15th–13th century B.C., Anatolia, central region, Gold, (1989.281.12)
Solidus of Constantius II (Sole Emperor, 350–361), 350–361, Byzantine, Gold (04.35.18)
Solidus of Justinian I (r. 527–565), 538–565, Byzantine; Minted in Constantinople, Gold (99.35.7406)
Solidus, 602–10, Early Byzantine, Gold (04.35.3356)
A Stallion, Safavid period (1501–1722), ca. 1601–6, Habiballah of Sava (active ca. 1590–1610), Present-day Afghanistan, Herat, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (1992.51)
Star-Shaped Brooch with Intaglio, setting 960–1000, intaglio 337–361, Ottonian (setting), Byzantine (intaglio), Gold with pearls and star sapphire (1988.15)
Two beads, 11th century; Fatimid, Syria, Gold, fabricated from wire and strips of sheet, decorated with granulation (1980.457)
Vessel terminating in the forepart of a lion, Achaemenid, 5th century B.C., Iran, Gold (54.3.3)
Winged deity, 13th century B.C.; Hittite Empire period, Anatolia, Bronze, gold (1990.255)