Artist: Pablo Picasso (Spanish, Malaga 1881–1973 Mougins, France)
Dimensions: Plate: 12 7/16 x 16 9/16 in. (31.6 x 42.1 cm)
Sheet: 15 3/16 x 22 1/2 in. (38.6 x 57.2 cm)
Credit Line: Gift of Mr. and Mrs. E. Powis Jones, 1986
Accession Number: 1986.1224.1(2)
Rights and Reproduction: © 2017 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Picasso made these two prints beginning January 8, 1937. Each is subdivided into three rows of three scenes that together form an eighteen-scene narrative. The prints were intended as propaganda against the regime of Generalissimo Franco; they were produced on postcards and sold for the benefit of the Spanish Republican Government. Since Picasso worked on the images from left to right, the etched versions (printed in reverse) read from right to left. In the second plate, starting at upper right, the Fascist general Franco is depicted as a monstrous grinning figure, devouring the innards of his own horse, which he has just killed; the next two scenes show the results of battle; and in the next two, Franco is in combat with an angry bull, representing Spain. The last four scenes were added on June 7; six weeks after the Basque town of Guernica was leveled by bombs. Three of the last four scenes of this print relate to his studies for the mural Guernica, now in Madrid.