Art/ Collection/ Art Object


Daniel Govaers (or Gouers) (French, master 1717, active 1736)
Miniature after a painting by Rosalba Carriera (Italian, Venice 1673–1757 Venice)
French, Paris
Gold, ivory
1 × 3 5/16 × 2 5/16 in. (2.5 × 8.4 × 5.9 cm)
Metalwork-Gold and Platinum
Credit Line:
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Wrightsman, 1976
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 545
Far from trivial, snuffboxes were the creation of multiple highly trained specialists such as goldsmiths, chasers, enamellers, and miniaturists, who worked together to produce these complex and diminutive forms of luxury. This snuffbox is marked by Daniel Gouvers, a Parisian goldsmith whose name can be found inscribed on the lower lip of the box. The dynamic shell, scroll, and balustrade motifs chased on the lid of the piece and on the bottom are typical of the Rococo-style snuffboxes that predominated in France in the early to mid-eighteenth century. Similar motifs can be found in another piece by Gouers in the collection (48.187.419). Inside, this snuffbox features the portrait of a woman holding a dove set within a dark landscape, a miniature based on a painting by Rosalba Carriera. Although the Italian artist became well known for pastel portraits of elite sitters such as Gustavus Hamilton, Second Viscount Boyne (2002.22), also in the museum, she in fact had begun her career as a miniaturist decorating the lids of snuffboxes, before eventually establishing her reputation as a member of Rome’s prestigious Accademia di San Luca in 1704.

[Dr. Iris Moon, 2015]
Signature: Engraved on bezel in front: Gouers A Paris

Inscription: Sticker inside box: Collezione S. Bulgari Roma/Parigi/1723-1738/min: firmata/Gouers

Marking: [1] DG, device a star (incomplete maker's mark); [2] griffin's head (Paris charge mark for gold, 1732-38); [3] indecipherable crowned mark, presumably warden's letter; [4] dog's head (Paris discharge mark for small work, 1732-38); [5] crown (unidentified)

Location of marks:
[1]: inside bottom and front wall
[2], [3]: inside front wall
[4], [5]: on bezel near hinge at right
S. Bulgari , Rome ; Mr. and Mrs. Charles Wrightsman , New York (until 1976; to MMA)
Related Objects


Artist: Daniel Govaers (or Gouers) (French, master 1717, active 1736) Date: 1734–35 Medium: Gold, diamonds Accession: 48.187.419 On view in:Gallery 530


Artist: Daniel Govaers (or Gouers) (French, master 1717, active 1736) Date: 1733–34 Medium: Gold, rubies, diamonds Accession: 48.187.420 On view in:Gallery 530

Gustavus Hamilton (1710–1746), Second Viscount Boyne, in Masquerade Costume

Artist: Rosalba Carriera (Italian, Venice 1673–1757 Venice) Date: 1730–31 Medium: Pastel on paper, laid down on canvas Accession: 2002.22 On view in:Not on view


Artist: Louis-Philippe Demay (French, master 1758, died 1772) Date: 1766–67 Medium: Gold, enamel Accession: 17.190.1200 On view in:Gallery 530


Artist: Jean Ducrollay (French, born 1709, master 1734, recorded 1760) Date: 1753–54 Medium: Gold, lacquer, enamel Accession: 17.190.1161 On view in:Gallery 530