Large hammered-bronze urns, often with solid-cast figures on the lid, were frequently used for cremated remains in Etruscan dominated Campania. Several examples have been found at Capua, that region's major city, and they were likely produced there from the late sixth to the mid-fifth century B.C. The statuettes added to the lid of this elaborately incised urn show a large nude diskos thrower surrounded by four Scythian archers mounted on rearing horses. On the underside of the urn a two-letter inscription is engraved on the attached foot ring. It comprises two Etruscan characters: a khi (which looks like a V with a line in the center), and a V. These two characters probably indicate the number 55. The khi is in a late Etruscan letter form that is appropriate for the urn's date. The significance of the numeral remains unclear.
Said to be from Capua.
Hôtel Drouot. May 19-21, 1910. Objets Antiques et du Moyen Age; Marbres, Orfèvrerie, Verrerie, Céramique, Bronzes, Ivoires. lot 85, pl. XI.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1940. "A Bronze Cinerary Urn." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 35 (10): pp. 195-7, figs. 1-2.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1940. "Four Notable Acquisitions of the Metropolitan Museum of Art." American Journal of Archaeology, 44 (4): pp. 431-4, figs. 4-6.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1940. Handbook of the Etruscan Collection. p. 29, fig. 81, New York: Marchbanks Press.
Brendel, Otto J. 1978. Etruscan Art. pp. 227-8, fig. 154, New York: Penguin Books.
Loseva, N.M. and N.A. Sidorova. 1988. Iskusstvo Etrurii i drevnei Italii: Ocherki. p. 253, fig. 259, Moskva: Iskusstvo.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 336, pp. 292, 472-73, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
de Puma, Richard Daniel. 2013. Etruscan Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 4.52a, pp. 10, 82–84, New Haven and London: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.