Obverse, Silenus being led by Phrygian Reverse, two Phrygians
Although the Persian Wars did not reach central Greece until 490 B.C., Persian incursions in Lydia and Ionia some thirty years earlier brought increasing knowledge of the Near East to the Greek world. This greater familiarity is reflected in the story of King Midas of Phrygia, who, seeking counsel of a silen, had one trapped at a fountain by mixing the water with wine.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1978. "One Hundred Eigth Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year July 1, 1977 through June 30, 1978." Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 108: p. 45.
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1979. "Notable Acquisitions, 1975-1979." The Metropolitan Museum of Art, : p. 15.
Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1992. Kentauroi-Oiax, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 6. Midas, no. 28, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.
Cohen, Beth. 2000. Not the Classical Ideal: Athens and the Construction of the Other in Greek Art p. 349, Leiden: Brill.