Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Disc with running dogs surrounding a mountain goat

Date:
ca. A.D. 1st–3rd century
Geography:
Transcaucasia
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
Diam. 2 3/8 in. (6 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Ornaments
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1921
Accession Number:
21.166.1
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 404
This bronze disk with a rectangular loop in the back is a unique piece possibly from the Caucasus region. There are no known excavated parallels, but it was acquired by the Museum along with other objects that probably originated in the Republic of Georgia.

A raised striated circle surrounds the edge of the disk. Inside this frame are four dogs in running position. The dogs have collars formed by the same technique as the frame. In the center of the disk is a relief image of a mountain goat with its legs folded underneath. The goat's horns are displayed frontally, making the identification of the animal indisputable. The horns of the goat are striated like the frame and the dogs' collars, visually linking the elements of the disk and each other.

Similar dogs and goats are known from Georgian belt clasps suggesting the attribution of this disk to the first to third centuries A.D. Collared dogs, however, are unusual in the art of the Caucasus.
By 1913–until 1921, collection of Claude Anet, Paris; on consignement by Claude Anet to Joseph Brummer; acquired by the Museum in 1921, purchased from Joseph Brummer, New York.

“The Deer Slayers: A Loan Exhibition on the History of the Deer Hunt,” The Corning Museum of Glass, New York, September 15–November 15, 1956.

“Archaeology: Exploring the Past,” The Junior Museum of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, September 22, 1962–June 30, 1966.

Miller, A.A. 1922. “The Representation of Dogs on the Ancient Monuments of Caucasia.” Izvestiya Russkoi Akademii Istorii 2, pl. XXVIII.

Rostovtzeff, Michael. 1922. “Bronze Belt-Clasps and Pendants from the Northern Caucasus.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 17 (2), pp. 37, fig. 1A.

Muscarella, Oscar W. 1988. Bronze and Iron: Ancient Near Eastern Artifacts in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 439, no. 580.

Calmeyer, Peter. 1995. "Buchbesprechungen: Muscarella, Oscar W., Bronze and Iron. Ancient Near Eastern Artifacts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." Zeitschrift für Assyriologie und Vorderasiatische Archäologie 85 (1), p. 161.
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