Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Brooch in the form of a stag

Date:
ca. early to mid-1st millennium B.C.
Geography:
Transcaucasia
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
H. 4 in. (10.7 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Ornaments
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1921
Accession Number:
21.166.3
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 404
Brooches similar to this piece have been excavated in sites in eastern Georgia. One virtually identical to the Museum's example comes from grave 199 at the site of Medzhi and is dated to the end of the third or the beginning of the fourth century. The excavated example has preserved elements that are now missing from the one here: an iron pin in the back, bronze chains with dangling finial elements suspended from the feet of the stag, as well as spirals and disks suspended from loops in the antlers and mouth.

The brooch, in its original form with many dangles, was an exuberant piece of jewelry that would have created sound and reflected light as the wearer moved. The deer itself is modeled in a somewhat stylized way, with the ears and tail open loops that may once have held suspended elements. A loop still exists in the mouth of the animal, which probably held a disk or other decorative dangle. The alert pose of the animal, and the idea of a stag forming a pin, recall slightly earlier belt clasps from Georgia. Even the braided horizontal band between the antlers echoes the decorative borders of the earlier pieces.

The pin is cast in bronze in three sections, cheek and neck, body, and rump. The back of the deer is hollow, except for the legs. Part of the attachment mechanism is still preserved: a wire bar at one end holds a loose ring and a hook at the other.
By 1913–until 1921, collection of Claude Anet, Paris; acquired by the Museum in 1921, purchased from Joseph Brummer, New York.

“Small Sculptures in Bronze,” The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, November 6, 1950–January 31, 1951.

“Symposium on Nomadic Art,” Bryn Mawr University, Pennsylvania, October 9–October 23, 1959.

“’Animal Style’ Art from East to West,” Asia House Gallery, New York, The University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, de Young Museum, San Francisco, 1970.

Rostovtzeff, Michael. 1922. “Bronze Belt-Clasps and Pendants from the Northern Caucasus.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 17 (2), p. 40, fig. 2.

Bunker, Emma C., Bruce C. Chatwin and Ann R. Farkas. 1970. "Animal Style" Art from East to West. New York: Asia Society, p. 47, no. 31.

Muscarella, Oscar W. 1988. Bronze and Iron: Ancient Near Eastern Artifacts in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 93, no. 153.
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