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View of Calcar on the Lower Rhine near Cleves

Artist:
Aelbert Cuyp (Dutch, Dordrecht 1620–1691 Dordrecht)
Date:
ca. 1640–42
Medium:
Black chalk and gray wash and graphite, watercolored in green and ochre yellow, partly brushed with gum arabic; framing lines in black ink
Dimensions:
Sheet: 7 1/2 x 19 1/2 in. (19.1 x 49.5 cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
From the Collection of Rita and Frits Markus, Bequest of Rita Markus, 2005
Accession Number:
2005.330.4
Not on view
Belonging to a group of broad panoramas from the early 1640s, all with a fold in the middle, Cuyp must have made this drawing during a trip to the eastern Netherlands, near the German border. The town of Calcar can be seen at the right; behind it lies the Monterberg, a favorite destination for outings. Cuyp, one of the outstanding Dutch landscapists of the seventeenth century, set the view of Calcar and the surrounding flat landscape against a vigorously drawn foreground, a feature of many of his painted compositions. The distant view in the drawing was used by him for a painting now at the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. The drawing belongs to a group of more than twenty sheets and eight paintings from the collection of Frits Markus, a Dutchman who lived in New York, which was bequeathed to the museum by his wife Rita.
Signature: Annotated, lower left, in pen and ink: "A. Kuip"
Eduard Cichorius, Leipzig (German, 1819–1907); Oskar Huldschinsky; sold Graupe (Berlin), 3 Nov 1931, No. 27 (2,600 DM)sold 3.11.1931, No. 27; Siegfried Kramarsky, New York (given by him to Fritz and Rita Markus); Frits and Rita Markus; Donor: The Estate of Rita Markus
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Philippe de Montebello Years: Curators Celebrate Three Decades of Acquisitions," October 24, 2008–February 1, 2009.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Paper Chase: Two Decades of Collecting Drawings and Prints," December 9, 2014–March 16, 2015.

Heinrich Dattenberg Niederrheinansichten Holländischer Künstler des 17 Jahrhunderts. Düsseldorf, 1967, cat. no. 90, fig. no. 90, p. 80, ill.

Christopher Brown Dutch Landscape Painting: Themes and Painters in the National Gallery. 1979, fig. no. 5, pp. 6-7, ill.

Peter Schatborn Dutch Figure Drawings from the Seventeenth Century. The Hague, 1981, fig. no. 1, p. 120, ill.

Peter Schoon Aelbert Cuyp, 1620-1691 Dordrechts Museum Informatief. 1991, fig. no. 10, pp. 6, 13, ill.

Aelbert Cuyp. Exh. cat., Washington, National Gallery of Art, October 7, 2001-January 13, 2002; London, National Gallery, February 13-May 12, 2002; Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum Museum, June 7-September 1, 2002. Edited by Arthur Wheelock Jr., 2001-2002, See cat. 25 for a painting that incorporates the landscape in this drawing and cats. 91-93 for landscape drawings that were influenced by this one., cat. no. 76, fig. no. 76.

Carmen C. Bambach, Nadine Orenstein, Samantha Rippner, Perrin Stein "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 2005-2006." in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 64, no. 2, New York, Fall 2006, pp. 38-9, ill.



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