Art/ Collection/ Art Object
{{img.publicCaption}}

明 傳仇英 十六羅漢圖 卷
The Sixteen Luohans

Artist:
Attributed to Qiu Ying (Chinese, ca. 1495–1552)
Period:
Ming dynasty (1368–1644)
Date:
16th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Handscroll; ink on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 13 9/16 x 206 3/8 in. (34.4 x 524.2 cm) Overall with mounting: 13 7/8 x 468 3/4 in. (35.2 x 1190.6 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Douglas Dillon, 1989
Accession Number:
1989.235.3
Not on view
Best known for his paintings rendered in brilliant mineral colors, Qiu Ying sometimes worked in ink alone to demonstrate his skill as a draftsman. In this dynamic procession of luohans and their attendants, the figures are enlivened through exquisitely controlled, undulating and folded brush lines and luminous graded washes. Qiu's enthusiasm for detail is evident in the remarkable individualization of the holy men's eccentric features and the delicate textile designs of their robes. Although the artist's inscription credits the monk-artist Guanxiu (832–912) as the source of his inspiration, the ninth-century master's grotesque luohans have here been replaced by elegant Sinicized ascetics.

Reflecting the blending of Buddhism and Confucianism in later Chinese culture, this procession of luohans is shown ceremoniously escorting a Chinese scholar—identifiable by his tall cap and full robes—and his retinue out of the clouds.
Inscription: Artist's inscription and signature (1 column in standard script)

貫休羅漢,仇英實父臨。


Artist's seals

十州
仇英之印


Label strips

1. Li Hongqiu 李鴻球 (1899–ca. 1978), 1 column in standard script, undated (mounted on external cover):

仇十洲臨貫休白描羅漢圖。海棠書屋藏,韻清。


2. Gu Wenbin 顧文彬 (1811–1889), 1 column in standard script, undated (mounted in front of the painting):

仇十州臨貫休白描羅漢圖。載高《江村銷夏錄》,過雲樓鋻藏。


Colophon

Gu Wenbin 顧文彬 (1811–1889), 13 columns in standard script, dated 1871; 2 seals:

煙蓋雲幢,雙鳧飛去人千里;卻愁彌勒下生遲,浮幻人間世。且共肉身游戯,免泥行、長廊古寺。鯨波極目,絳闕岧嶢,水晶宮裡。集蘇東坡句 欲問前因,普陀大士神通妙。老僧拍手笑相誇,家住三山島。吾使豐隆前導,困相扶、翩然顧笑。風波平步,一水西來,去程多少。集辛稼軒句
右調〈憶故人〉,題仇十州臨《貫休羅漢圖》。按李竹懶《六研齋筆記》云:“每見梁楷諸人寫佛道諸像,細入毫髮,而樹石點綴則極灑落,若略不住思者正以像既恭謹,不容不借此以助雄逸之氣耳。至吳道子以描筆畫首、面、肘、腕,而衣紋戰掣奇縱,亦此意也。十州雖臨貫休,深得吳道子遺意。此卷載入《江村銷夏錄》,前人無跋,書此破寂。同治十年季秋艮庵識於玉几山舘。 [印]:顧文彬印、子山


Collectors’ seals

Gao Shiqi 高士奇 (1645–1703)
高士奇圖書印
江村祕藏
朗潤堂印
淡人(二鈐)
竹窗

Chen Huai 陳淮 (d. 1810)
商丘陳氏書畫印
陳氏
夢禪室
夢禪(三鈐)

Gu Wenbin 顧文彬 (1811–1889)
過雲樓收藏金石圖書
子山平生真賞

Li Hongqiu 李鴻球 (1899–ca. 1978)
瀏陽李鴻球字韻清鋻藏

Huang Junshi 黃君實 (b. 1934)
黃山濤鋻定

Bao Yueting 鮑約亭 (18th–19th c.)
鮑約亭寳藏印

Unidentified
張氏子贍書畫之章
園林書畫人生貳樂
康伯父印
餐囗人

1 graphic seal
Related Objects

Lady in a Bamboo Grove

Artist: Attributed to Qiu Ying (Chinese, ca. 1495–1552) Medium: Hanging scroll; ink and color on silk Accession: 13.220.15 On view in:Not on view

Lady Su Hui and Her Verse Puzzle

Artist: In the style of Qiu Ying (Chinese, ca. 1495–1552) Date: 16th century Medium: Handscroll; ink and color on silk Accession: 33.167 On view in:Not on view

Divinities of the Planets and Constellations

Artist: Attributed to Qiu Ying (Chinese, ca. 1495–1552) Date: 16th century Medium: Handscroll; ink and color on paper Accession: 1989.235.4 On view in:Not on view

A Tang Palace

Artist: Attributed to Qiu Ying (Chinese, ca. 1495–1552) Medium: Hanging scroll; ink and color on silk Accession: 12.134.8 On view in:Not on view