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明 傳仇英 五星二十八宿神形圖 卷
Divinities of the Planets and Constellations

Artist:
Attributed to Qiu Ying (Chinese, ca. 1495–1552)
Period:
Ming dynasty (1368–1644)
Date:
16th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Handscroll; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 7 9/16 x 158 1/4 in. (19.2 x 402 cm) Overall with mounting: 9 3/4 x 376 15/16 in. (24.8 x 957.4 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Douglas Dillon, 1989
Accession Number:
1989.235.4
Not on view
The subject and imagery of this painting are derived from a composition attributed to the Tang dynasty (618–907) artist Liang Lingzan that is now in the collection of the Osaka Municipal Museum of Art. The painting depicts the deities of the Five Planets, which correspond to the five primary elements—wood (Jupiter), fire (Mars), earth (Saturn), metal (Venus), and water (Mercury)—and the twenty-eight constellations of the Chinese zodiac.

Qiu Ying, a fine artist in his own right, was also famous as a skilled copyist of earlier paintings. Such copies were highly valued by collectors and other artists who might not have access to the originals. This painting bears the signature and seals of Qiu Ying but may itself be a later copy.
Inscription: Artist's inscriptions and signature (45 columns in standard script)

歲星、太白星、鎭星、熒惑星、辰星、角星、亢星、氐星、房星、心星、尾星、箕星、斗星、牛星、女星、虛星、危星、營室星、璧星、奎星、婁星、胃星、昴星、畢星、觜星、參星、井星、鬼星、柳星、星宿、張星、翼星、軫星

五嶽真形圖、東嶽泰山、南嶽衡山、中嶽嵩山、北嶽恆山、西嶽華山

仇實父摹圖,五峰文伯仁贊。


Artist's seal

Shizhou 十州


Label strip

Wanyan Xixian 完顏希賢 (dates unknown), 1 column in standard script, undated (mounted on brocade wrapper):

仇實父五星二十八宿神形圖真蹟。完顏希賢鑒藏。


Frontispiece

Zhao Fu 趙福 (active 19th c.), 9 large characters in clerical script followed by 4 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1837; 2 seals:

五星二十八宿神形圖
道光丁酉春二月敬題於綠蔭軒。銅山小莊趙福 [印]:其福勝彼、小莊老星


Collectors’ seals

Wanyan Xixian 完顏希賢 (dates unknown)
希賢審定
留香書屋

Zhang Xueliang 張學良 (1901–2001)
毅庵
雯之子 臨溟張氏珍藏

Unidentified
敦夫審定
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