Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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元 趙原 (元) 倣燕文貴范寬山水圖 卷
Landscape in the Style of Yan Wengui and Fan Kuan

Artist:
Zhao Yuan (Chinese, active ca. 1350–75)
Period:
Yuan (1271–1368) or Ming (1368–1644) dynasty
Date:
late 14th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Handscroll; ink on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 9 13/16 x 30 1/2 in. (24.9 x 77.5 cm) Overall with mounting: 10 1/8 x 347 5/16 in. (25.7 x 882.2 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Edward Elliott Family Collection, Purchase, The Dillon Fund Gift, 1981
Accession Number:
1981.285.15
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 213
Couched in the Northern Song idioms of Yan Wengui (active ca. 970–1030) and Fan Kuan (active ca. 990–1030), this small landscape by Zhao Yuan exemplifies late Yuan and early Ming scholar painting in which ancient models were transformed by calligraphic brushwork. Late Yuan scholar-artists saw painting as a vehicle for personal expression: painting, it was said, should be like handwriting—a “heart print” of the artist.

Executed during a period of political and social turmoil, Zhao’s handscroll reflects a common theme found in paintings of his time: the reclusive life. A secluded mountain villa nestled at the foot of a tall peak suggests a serene existence free from worldly strife.

Zhao Yuan, who lived in the south, re-created the towering mountains of the north through his imagination. The last fantastic peak near the far left of the composition was probably inspired by a garden rock—similar to one on display along the west wall of the Museum’s Astor Court.
Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (1 column in standard script)

Produced by Zhao Yuan from Ju [in Shandong].

莒人趙原製。

Artists’ seals

Zhao Yuan 趙原
Bimen shenqu 閑門深趣

Shen Xun (active ca. 1370–1400)
Shen shi Shicheng 沈氏士偁
Shuijinggong 水晶宮
Xunzhai shuhua 巽齋書畫

Frontispiece

Wang Shu 王澍 (1668–1743), a line of 4 characters in large seal script and 2 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1734; 1 seal:

趙沈合璧
雍正十二年二月之吉
琅邪王澍題。 [印]: 恭壽

Colophons

1. Wen Jia 文嘉 (1501–1583), 13 columns in standard script, dated 1562; 1 seal:

右山水橫卷乃趙君善長所作。趙君名原,善長其字也,別號丹林,山東人,故畫中猶稱莒人。其畫師董源,與黃鶴山人齊名。嘗與倪雲林同畫《師子林圗》,元鎮題云“余與趙君善長以意商確作《師子林圗》,真得荊、關遺意,非王蒙所能夢見也。”其為名流所推如此。此幅布景幽深,筆墨秀潤,誠可愛玩。其後 《竹石圗》 蕭灑清雅,無一點朝市風埃氣。前用“水晶宮”長印,而後用“沈士稱氏”圗書,盖士稱作也。按士稱嘉禾人,亦國朝名手,畫師趙松雪,但其平時所作多涉院體,而此帋獨簡遠可愛,豈得松雪真跡而彷為之耶。方瀛庫部得之,以其氣味相類,遂合裝為一卷,間以示余,命為題識,因書以復。時嘉靖壬戌九月廿二日,茂苑文嘉書。 [印]: 休承

2. Li Minbiao 黎民表 (1515-1581), 15 columns in standard script, undated; 2 seals:

秋夜過王庫部,觀元人趙原山水小幅,因題其後:
荊關神逸世稀有,莒國山人亦名手。
意匠經營頗逼真,水石山林氣深秀。
剡藤一幅才盈咫,萬穴千巌俱點就。
夫容開萼迤太清,星宿匯流欵崇岫。
陂陀暎帶粘葴莎,磵戶縱橫走泉溜。
日出初分色象濃,秋高始脫烟霞瘦。
吮粉含丹無此流,北苑營丘合廻首。
王君好事偶得之,棐几雲肪興轉奇。
況當燕市風塵日,見此溪山罨畫姿。
冷然便覺心神披,嚴霜撲人葉辭枝。
翠眉更進金屈巵,白雲在天河漢移。
醉來騎馬忘南北,桐葉分題賦小詩。
羅浮山樵黎民表 [印]:黎氏惟敬,瑤石山人

3. Li Minbiao 黎民表, 4 columns in standard script, undated; 1 seal:

題沈士稱竹
盈盈湘浦占風神,裛雨啼烟意態真。
空谷佳人何處覓?遠山猶帶綠蛾嚬。
民表 [印]:南海黎生

4. Wang Chaoxiang 王朝相 (unidentified), 7 columns in standard script, undated; 2 seals:

咏趙善長山水
亂山矮樹白雲遮,十里平鋪盡玉華。
疑是龍眠李居士,樓臺多處小谿斜。

題沈士稱竹石
疎風清影自幽香,拳石平坡細草長。
栖老鳳凰枝可愛,何人知是賦瀟湘。
東川居士江都王朝相 [印]: 東川子、王希元印

5. Xu Quan 徐硂 (unidentified), 9 columns in standard script, undated; 2 seals:

磴盤松櫟上青冥,累月泉源戀翠屏。
谷口湖鐘秋裊裊,江頭煙嶼曉熒熒。
閒窗書罷陰長積,禪閣歌殘夜不扃。
乍別雲蘿餘爽氣,回思煩暑一時醒。

道人寫竹不成个,灑然雲暗瀟湘暮。
雪幹斜飛水底龍,霜毫泣盡山中兔。
稽山徐硂 [印]: 徐銓之印、去非

6. Wang Shu 王澍 (1668-1743), 6 columns in cursive script, undated; 2 seals:

往在京師見趙原所畫竹,筆力雄快,橫絕一世,不謂山水精妙乃爾,古人之能,信未易量也。沈君竹筆力差短,視原不免小劣,然超超元箸,故是佳観。琅邪王澍観并記。 [印]: 王澍印、恭壽

Collectors' seals

Qing emperor Qianlong 清帝乾隆 (r. 1736–1795)
乾隆御覽之寳
石渠寳笈
石渠定鋻
寳笈重編
寧壽宮續入石渠寳笈
樂壽堂鋻藏寳
乾隆鋻賞
三希堂精鋻璽
宜子孫

Qing emperor Jiaqing 清帝嘉慶 (r. 1796–1820)
嘉慶御覽之寶

Qingxi 慶錫 (active early 19th c.)
慶錫私印 (twice)

Yixin 奕訢 (1832–1898)
皇六子
恭親王
御賜屏翰宣勤
樂道主人
恭親王章
樂道堂
正誼書屋珍藏圖書 (twice)
恭親王寳
清白傳家澹泊明志
神品 (twice)

unidentified
純齋過眼
秋醒樓 (twice)
金粟山藏經紙
安善堂
錢岳之印
昌(半印)

Illegible: 2


Artists’ seals

Zhao Yuan 趙原
Bimen shenqu 閑門深趣

Shen Xun (active ca. 1370–1400)
Shen shi Shicheng 沈氏士偁
Shuijinggong 水晶宮
Xunzhai shuhua 巽齋書畫


Frontispiece

Wang Shu 王澍 (1668–1743), a line of 4 characters in large seal script and 2 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1734; 1 seal:

趙沈合璧
雍正十二年二月之吉
琅邪王澍題。 [印]:恭壽


Colophons

1. Wen Jia 文嘉 (1501–1583), 13 columns in standard script, dated 1562; 1 seal:

右山水橫卷乃趙君善長所作。趙君名原,善長其字也,別號丹林,山東人,故畫中猶稱莒人。其畫師董源,與黃鶴山人齊名。嘗與倪雲林同畫《師子林圗》,元鎮題云“余與趙君善長以意商確作《師子林圗》,真得荊、關遺意,非王蒙所能夢見也。”其為名流所推如此。此幅布景幽深,筆墨秀潤,誠可愛玩。其後《竹石圗》蕭灑清雅,無一點朝市風埃氣。前用“水晶宮”長印,而後用“沈士稱氏”圗書,盖士稱作也。按士稱嘉禾人,亦國朝名手,畫師趙松雪,但其平時所作多涉院體,而此帋獨簡遠可愛,豈得松雪真跡而彷為之耶。方瀛庫部得之,以其氣味相類,遂合裝為一卷,間以示余,命為題識,因書以復。時嘉靖壬戌九月廿二日,茂苑文嘉書。 [印]:休承

2. Li Minbiao 黎民表 (1515-1581), 15 columns in standard script, undated; 2 seals:

秋夜過王庫部,觀元人趙原山水小幅,因題其後:
荊關神逸世稀有,莒國山人亦名手。
意匠經營頗逼真,水石山林氣深秀。
剡藤一幅才盈咫,萬穴千巌俱點就。
夫容開萼迤太清,星宿匯流欵崇岫。
陂陀暎帶粘葴莎,磵戶縱橫走泉溜。
日出初分色象濃,秋高始脫烟霞瘦。
吮粉含丹無此流,北苑營丘合廻首。
王君好事偶得之,棐几雲肪興轉奇。
況當燕市風塵日,見此溪山罨畫姿。
冷然便覺心神披,嚴霜撲人葉辭枝。
翠眉更進金屈巵,白雲在天河漢移。
醉來騎馬忘南北,桐葉分題賦小詩。
羅浮山樵黎民表 [印]:黎氏惟敬,瑤石山人

3. Li Minbiao 黎民表, 4 columns in standard script, undated; 1 seal:

題沈士稱竹
盈盈湘浦占風神,裛雨啼烟意態真。
空谷佳人何處覓?遠山猶帶綠蛾嚬。
民表 [印]:南海黎生

4. Wang Chaoxiang 王朝相 (unidentified), 7 columns in standard script, undated; 2 seals:

咏趙善長山水
亂山矮樹白雲遮,十里平鋪盡玉華。
疑是龍 眠李居士,樓臺多處小谿斜。

題沈士稱竹石
疎風清影自幽香,拳石平坡細草長。
栖老鳳凰枝可愛,何人知是賦瀟湘。
東川居士江都王朝相 [印]:東川子、王希元印

5. Xu Quan 徐硂 (unidentified), 9 columns in standard script, undated; 2 seals:

磴盤松櫟上青冥,累月泉源戀翠屏。
谷口湖鐘秋裊裊,江頭煙嶼曉熒熒。
閒窗書罷陰長積,禪閣歌殘夜不扃。
乍別雲蘿餘爽氣,回思煩暑一時醒。

道人寫竹不成个,灑然雲暗瀟湘暮。
雪幹斜飛水底龍,霜毫泣盡山中兔。
稽山徐硂 [印]:徐銓之印、去非

6. Wang Shu 王澍 (1668-1743), 6 columns in cursive script, undated; 2 seals:

往在京師見趙原所畫竹,筆力雄快,橫絕一世,不謂山水精妙乃爾,古人之能,信未易量也。沈君竹筆力差短,視原不免小劣,然超超元箸,故是佳観。琅邪王澍観并記。 [印]:王澍印、恭壽


Collectors' seals

Qing emperor Qianlong 清帝乾隆 (r. 1736–1795)
乾隆御覽之寳
石渠寳笈
石渠定鋻
寳笈重編
寧壽宮續入石渠寳笈
樂壽堂鋻藏寳
乾隆鋻賞
三希堂精鋻璽
宜子孫

Qing emperor Jiaqing 清帝嘉慶 (r. 1796–1820)
嘉慶御覽之寶

Qingxi 慶錫 (active early 19th c.)
慶錫私印 (twice)

Yixin 奕訢 (1832–1898)
皇六子
恭親王
御賜屏翰宣勤
樂道主人
恭親王章
樂道堂
正誼書屋珍藏圖書 (twice)
恭親王寳
清白傳家澹泊明志
神品 (twice)

unidentified
純齋過眼
秋醒樓 (twice)
金粟山藏經紙
妁靈珍玩
安善堂
錢岳之印
昌(半印)

Illegible: 2
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