Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Chalice

Maker:
Probably Otto Meier (active 1604–21)
Date:
1608, with later restorations
Culture:
German, Westphalia (probably Lichtenau)
Medium:
Gold, enamel, jewels
Dimensions:
Overall: 9 × 6 in. (22.9 × 15.2 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Gold and Platinum
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.371
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 521
Because of their extraordinary monetary worth, few gold pieces of this size survived the melting pot. Here, radiant angels are enameled in the round (en ronde bosse), a technique developed in the fourteenth century that involves painting molten glass colors over a sculpted gold core. Made for the dean of Speyer Cathedral to use in celebrating Mass, the vessel is set with gemstones, believed to embody the glorious detailing of God’s divine order. Part of the original chalice is lost; in an indication of the object’s enduring appeal, its damaged bowl was carefully replaced with a new one in the nineteenth century.

[Elizabeth Cleland, 2017]
Inscription: On a disk, fitted to underside of the foot: ADOLPHUS WOLFF DICTUS METTERNICH DECANUS SPIRENSIS ANNO 1608 [a copy of the inscription on the original foot of the chalice]
reputedly Adolphus Wolff-Metternich , Speyer Cathedral ; Karl Friedrich I, Grand Duke of Baden (until 1811) ; Church of St. Stephan, Karlsruhe ; Baron Karl Mayer von Rothschild ; Bertha von Rothschild, Princess de Wagram ; [ Jacques Seligmann , Paris, until 1911; sold to Morgan ] ; J. Pierpont Morgan (1911–17; to MMA)
Related Objects

Justice

Date: 16th century Medium: Gold, partly enameled, set with diamonds and emeralds; pearls Accession: 32.100.298 On view in:Gallery 521

Snuffbox

Artist: Mathieu Coiny fils (born 1723, master 1755, recorded 1788) Date: 1759–60 Medium: Gold, enamel, gem stones Accession: 17.190.1191 On view in:Gallery 545

Nécessaire with watch

Date: probably ca. 1745–50 Medium: Casket: gold and mother-of-pearl, lined with dark-red velvet; Watch: brass and partly blued steel Accession: 1982.60.135 On view in:Gallery 540

Automaton in the form of a chariot pushed by a Chinese attendant and set with a clock

Artist: James Cox (British, ca. 1723–1800) Date: 1766 Medium: Case: gold with diamonds and paste jewels set in silver, pearls; Dial: while enamel; Movement: partly gilded brass and steel, wheel balance and cock of silver set with paste jewels Accession: 1982.60.137 On view in:Gallery 540

Snuffbox with six scenes of putti at play

Artist: Jean Georges (or George) (master 1752, died 1765) Date: ca. 1761–62 Medium: Gold, grisaille enamel, diamonds Accession: 17.190.1125 On view in:Gallery 545