Candelabrum (one of a pair), Martin-Guillaume Biennais (French, 1764–1843, active ca. 1796–1819), Silver gilt, French, Paris

Candelabrum (one of a pair)

Martin-Guillaume Biennais (French, 1764–1843, active ca. 1796–1819)
Charles Percier (French, Paris 1764–1838 Paris)
Pierre François Léonard Fontaine (French, Pontoise 1762–1853 Paris)
French, Paris
Silver gilt
Height: 20 5/8 in. (52.4 cm)
Credit Line:
Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1934
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 553
Part of a large table service reputedly given by Napoleon I to his sister, Pauline, and her husband, Prince Camillo Borghese.
Inscription: Engraved under each foot: [1] Biennais / Orfre de S.M. / l'Empereur et Roi / à Paris; scratched under base of .2: [2] 1632 24 (possible inventory number)

Marking: [1] B, 2 pellets, a monkey above, in a vertical lozenge (maker's mark of Biennais)
[2] Head of Apollo with 1, in an oval (unofficial quality mark for first standard silver, 1794–97)
[3] Cock with 1, in horizontal octagon (Paris mark for first standard silver, 1809–19)
[4] Head of Minerva, in a circle (Paris medium excise mark for silver, 1809–19)
[5] Fasces with ax blade at center left (Paris restricted warranty mark for silver, 1809–19)

Location of marks:
[1], [2] on main shaft, each branch and under base of each
[3], [4] on center nozzle, rim of base, and sockets of bobêches of each
[5] on central shaft and branches of each
Princes Borghese (ca. 1803?–1892; sale, Palazzo Borghese, Rome, March 28– April 9, 1892, no. 24); Don Antonio Licata, Prince of Baucina (from 1892; sold to Canessa) ; Ercole Canessa , Naples, Italy (after 1892–before 1924; to McCormick) ; Edith Rockefeller McCormick , Chicago (by 1924–34; sale, American Art Association-Anderson Galleries, New York, January 2–6, 1934, no. 703; sold to Helft for $1,400); [ Les Fils de Léon Helft , 1934; sold to MMA ]